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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

France, N. E.
Foul brood among Wisconsin bees,   pp. 99-101 PDF (778.9 KB)

Page 99

N. E. FRANCE, State Inspector of Apiaries, Platteville, Wis.
, that I was able to get only a very
small report, which stows:;
51,709 colonies of bees in hives,
valued at ..       .... $258,545.
2,585,450 pounds of honey sold, 180,981.
Beeswax and queen bees sold,  9,500.
Total .    .  $449,026.
Foul Brood: What Is It?
Several hundred cases were also re-
ported of a fatal and contagious dis-
ease among Wisconsin bees, known as
"foul brood." This disease preys upon
the larva of the bee, usually causing
death from six to ten days from the
egg of the queen bee. The honey from
affected colonies is quite certain to
contain the germs of disease, which
are not easily destroyed, and if left
where bees can get at it out of honey
season, they will surely carry the dis
ease home. The germs multiply with
marvelous rapidity by division, so that
a single infection will soon cause ruin
to a whole bee-yard, if not properly
N. E. FRANCE.           and carefully treated. As i nnd maly
beekeepers who  do  not know  the
The extent and importance of the symptoms I will briefly describe some
beekeeping industry in Wisconsin is o the mcst common.
not realized by the masses of Wiscon-
Ein people.                                    Symptoms.
Like all occupations beekeeping is a
trade to learn and study. There are  1. The colony of bees seem weak.
many valuable books on modern bee with lack of energy-loafing around-
culture, and several subscription papers sometimes with litter around entrance
pi blished.  Three of these papers of hive.
have over a thousand subscribers in  2. Inside the  hive, some of the
Wisconsin. As secretary of the Wis- brood in patches, fail to hatch, the
consin State Beekeepers' Society, last cappings shrunken, with here  and
year I was requested to ask of its there a cell with perforated capping,
members and beekeeping friends the as shown in the engravings. The dead
extent of our industry in Wisconsin larva usually to bne side of cell,
for 1896. Owing to the dry seasons shrunken, of a dark brown color.
previous many bees had starved, and  3. The ropiness is one of the best
a large majority of owners of bees do indications. Insert a toothpick in
not belong to any beekeeping society, larva, and in removing it, if the larva
or take any paper upon bee culture, so adheres to it, drawing  out in fine

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