Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)
France, N. E.
Foul brood among Wisconsin bees, pp. 99-101 PDF (778.9 KB)
FOUL BROOD AMONG WISCONSIN BEES. Ad FOUL BROOD AMONG WISCONSIN BEES. N. E. FRANCE, State Inspector of Apiaries, Platteville, Wis. , that I was able to get only a very small report, which stows:; 51,709 colonies of bees in hives, valued at .. .... $258,545. 2,585,450 pounds of honey sold, 180,981. Beeswax and queen bees sold, 9,500. Total . . $449,026. Foul Brood: What Is It? Several hundred cases were also re- ported of a fatal and contagious dis- ease among Wisconsin bees, known as "foul brood." This disease preys upon the larva of the bee, usually causing death from six to ten days from the egg of the queen bee. The honey from affected colonies is quite certain to contain the germs of disease, which are not easily destroyed, and if left where bees can get at it out of honey season, they will surely carry the dis ease home. The germs multiply with marvelous rapidity by division, so that a single infection will soon cause ruin to a whole bee-yard, if not properly N. E. FRANCE. and carefully treated. As i nnd maly beekeepers who do not know the The extent and importance of the symptoms I will briefly describe some beekeeping industry in Wisconsin is o the mcst common. not realized by the masses of Wiscon- Ein people. Symptoms. Like all occupations beekeeping is a trade to learn and study. There are 1. The colony of bees seem weak. many valuable books on modern bee with lack of energy-loafing around- culture, and several subscription papers sometimes with litter around entrance pi blished. Three of these papers of hive. have over a thousand subscribers in 2. Inside the hive, some of the Wisconsin. As secretary of the Wis- brood in patches, fail to hatch, the consin State Beekeepers' Society, last cappings shrunken, with here and year I was requested to ask of its there a cell with perforated capping, members and beekeeping friends the as shown in the engravings. The dead extent of our industry in Wisconsin larva usually to bne side of cell, for 1896. Owing to the dry seasons shrunken, of a dark brown color. previous many bees had starved, and 3. The ropiness is one of the best a large majority of owners of bees do indications. Insert a toothpick in the not belong to any beekeeping society, larva, and in removing it, if the larva or take any paper upon bee culture, so adheres to it, drawing out in fine no
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