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Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture
Bulletin No. 11 (1897)

Coe, R. J.
Raspberries,   pp. 37-42 PDF (1.7 MB)


Page 37


RAsPBzRRIMS                             '
RASPBERRIES.
3. J. CON, Pt Atkinsn, Wil.
Mr. Chairman, Ladles and Gentlemen: they are pruned in spring we may cul-
-When we come to look back at the tivate crosswise of the  rows about
years that are passed and gone, and twice before they begin to leaf out.
consider where we used to get our We do this for the purpose of saving
rapberries and compare that with the work; we want the soil thoroughly
present time. it beems to me that this well cultivated early In the spring
so
is a good object lesson for us. I well as to retain all the moisture we poed-
remember when I was a boy, going Into bly can. The first year you mey plant
the field, into the fence corners, to get some other crop, such as potatoes,
for
the raspberries for the year's supply; I convenience's sake and for economyIs
also remember that It was the early sake, as well. The first year when
boy that got the berry, and I have been the new canes get about ten or twelve
in the field many and many a time inches high, we pinch off the top; this
waiting for it to get light enough for makes them branch, and that is about
me to pick the berries. All this has the only pruning we do the first sea-
changed with me, and It should be son.
changed with every man who owns a
piece of land, whether he be a farmer,   Cam the second Season.
whether he be a village lot owner, or  Now, when we come to the second
wherever he iis, he should have some season, and the seasons thereafter ae
of the small fruit.  Raspberries, I simply a repetition of this, the two
think, are more neglected than any main points I want to make are, first,
other small fruit, and perhaps that is the summer pruning, and second, the
the reason this subject is put upon the summer cultivation. We find that
the
program, for this round-up Institute.  second seascn, along about the first
of
Preparation and Cultivation.   June, the first new canes will be about
eiglteen inches high. We want the
There are just a few points that I main canes to grow two feet high, but
want to make, that go to make a suc- when It gets eighteen Inches high we
cm  in growing them.  In the first will pinch out the tips, and we do It
piece, suppose we begin with the prep- at this time because the cells at
the
artton of the soil. We would like to top of the new cane are not fully de-
have the land made as rich as it may veloped; we And that the cane will
be, before the crop is planted, manur- grow just about six inches after the
Ing It thoroughly the year previous, top is 1pinched out, and then we will
keeping it well cultivated, plowing it have It two feet high. You may ask
early in the spring-as early as It will why not wait until It gets two and
a
plow; harrow it Immediately and har- half or three feet high and cut it off?
row every two or three days after to The trouble is you would defeat the
keep in fine condition. If It is fre- main object you have in view. In the
quently harrowed it holds moisture. Arst place you don't want to cut off
We allow no crust to form upon the any foliage from a growing plant ex-
surface and we aim to put out our cept for special reasons, or on special
plants with the expecttion that every occasions, but if you take off a lot
of
one will grow. Usually we make the foliage from a growing raspberry cane,
rows seven feet apart and the plants and will note the results, you will
se
three and one half Aport in the row, that that cane stands still-it stops
aun row   both was   so that when growing for quite a number of days-


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