Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Fortieth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Beloit, Wis., November, 1911. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests
Rawl, B. H.
The work of the dairy division, pp. 59-64 PDF (1.3 MB)
Wisconsin Dairymen's Association. A Member: Then such crops would be better on a clay soil? Mr. MacDowell: It loosens up the clay soil, and gives sandy soil greater power to hold moisture. THE WORK OF THE DAIRY DIVISION. B. H. RAWL, CIIEF or. DAIRY Divisiox, WASIIINGTON, D. C. The Dairy Division of the Department of Agriculture was organized In 1895, and consisted then of only four persons. The work has in- creased until now the Division employs about one hundred persons. Aside from what is termed administrative work, the Division is organ- ized into four subdivisions or sections, devoted respectively to work in dairy farming, dairy manufactories, market milk, and the research laboratories. These four branches of the work will be described below. All the work of the Division may be divided into three classes, as follows: Research, educational, and police. RESEARCH WORK. This work In the main organized by problems. For example, a prob- lem in cheese making will require a chemist, a bacteriologist, and a practical cheese maker. This makes a well balanced corps of workers for a big problem, and each serves as a check for the others. The research work that is in progress pertains to the production of milk, the handling and delivery of milk as such to the consumer, and the manufacture of milk Into various products. The research work in production has been restricted, aside from the cooperative work at Columbia, Missouri, to studies relative to barn ventilation, silo pres- sure, types of dairy barns, silos, milk houses, etc. Many problems In this line have not been taken up before because of the lack of a dairy herd and a farm, which have recently been supplied. EXPERIMENTAL DAIRY FARM. Last year a farm was purchased at Beltsville, Maryland, about thirteen miles from Washington, by the Bureau of Animal Industry. The Dairy Division part of this farm contains about 200 acres of ground, all of which is arable. The ground has been under cultivation possibly more than a hundred years, and while it is in a wornout condition, it is evident from the results so far obtained that with good handling the 59
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