Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Thirty-second annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Platteville, Wis., February 10, 11 and 12, 1904. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays and discussions relating to the dairy interests
Hoard, W. D.
Address, pp. 46-51 PDF (1.2 MB)
46 Thirty-second Arnnual Report of LtA ADDRESS. Ex-Gov. W. D. Hoard, Fort Atkinson. Mr. President, this whole dairy field has such a tremen- dously wide range that I will talk on just one thing, and that is the construction and ventilation of dairy barns. I have not been confined to any subject, and I think I can do as much good, may be, in that particulai field as any other. All over the United States, east of the Rocky mountains, the present year there is a widespread complaint of loss in the qual- ity of butter. It comes from some of the beat creameries; in fact, it is general. What do you think is the cause of it? Down here at West Salem they think they have traced it to the use of soft corn for feed. I doubt it somewhat, and I want to say that in my judgment it is due to the extreme severity of the winter and the exceedingly unhealthful conditions of the barns and stables. Stock buvers in my section tell me that they never have seen as foul smelling stables in their lives as they have seen this winter. It has been a long, protracted winter of low temperature. The dairy farmer has studied far enough on the proposition to learn this much, that he must keep his stable up to a certain degree of warmth, or the cows will not secrete milk. He knows that much, and so he shuts the stable up. The only way he can warm the stable is by the heat of the animals' bodies; in order to warm the stable to the proper degree, which must be from 55 to 60, he shuts it up tight. The result of that is that those cows in that stable, throwing off about eight pounds of water every twenty-four hours, in their -breath, throwing off all that foul air and the gases engendered in their breath, with all the excrement and urine in the stable) become fairly saturated with the vileness of the stable. Now, do you think that the milk which they secrete can be of a flavor that will make fine butter I We are finding today in connection with the Hoard cream- eries we are finding it in vanous pl all over the Union in
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