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Wisconsin Dairymen's Association / Tenth annual report of the Wisconsin Dairymen's Association : held at Sheboygan, Wis., January 11-13, 1882. Report of the proceedings, annual address of the president, and interesting essays relating to the dairy interests

Henry, W. A.
Dairy experiments at the experimental farm, Madison, Wis.,   pp. 43-60 PDF (3.3 MB)

Page 43

DAjzY ExPnxzm.Ts4 
By Prof. W. A. HziiERY. 
Mr. President, Ladica and Gentlemen: -When I appeared be- 
fore the association last year at Waukesha, the information I there 
endeavored to impart was of quite a different nature to this I bring 
to-day. That was gathered from books and was the work of other 
investigators: what I tell you to-day is of my own investigation. 
In the field of experimentation there is such an expanse, the 
way is so broad, that it does not seem possible, as I look over it, 
for me to take a step forward in any one direction, without finding 
myself called equally imperatively to go in some other direction. 
I can scarcely talk with a dairyman of intelligence, without finding 
in his conversation something that suggests at least a certain line 
of experiments. Often the thought arises at such times, " There, 
that man has spoken of something I should like to experiment on."' 
The same is true when I meet a horticulturist. 
My position is in one sense a very favorable one, since I am put 
in charge of a farm where no one expects any profits to be made, 
and where a fair amount of money is allowed to be spent in ex- 
It would seem that a college course at an agricultural college 
would prepare one for such work as mine, yet I find that now I am 
but at the very threshold of the matter, and I must learn how to ex- 
periment first of all. 
Anybody may conduct what might be called an experiment, but 
we want useful experiments. Thus a man might feed a horse on 
oats simply, and determine how long he would live on that one ar- 
ticle of food; yet the results of such work would hardly settle any 
Controversy as to the best and cheapest feed for horses. 
Such experiments as we have made on the farm the past season 
are useful in some way, I hope. I will first speak of the silo. The 
silo built upon the University farm is thirty feet long, fifteen feet 
wide and fifteen feet deep. The walls are eighteen inches thick. 
The silo is made of sandstone laid in strong mortar. There are no 
openings of any kind in the sides or in the bottom. It stands half 
under ground and half above. Over this silo is a low frame build- 

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