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Mitchel, Martin; Osborn, Joseph H. / Geographical and statistical history of the county of Winnebago ... to which is prefixed a general view of the state of Wisconsin, together with a census table from its first settlement to the present time.

Wisconsin,   pp. [7]-51 PDF (10.4 MB)

Page [7]

THE State of Wisconsin lies between 42° 30' and 47° N.
latitude, and between 87° and 92° 30' W. longitude, and is
bounded on the North by Lake Superior; N. E. by the northern
Peninsular of Michigan, separated by a line drawn from
the head waters of the Brule, to the Montreal River; on
the East by Lake Michigan; on the South by Illinois; and
on the West by Iowa and the Territory of Minnesota. It is
estimated to contain about thirty-four and a half Millions
of acres.
Entirely destitute of lofty mountains, its general surface is
rolling; giving to its streams a good current, but seldom de-
lighting the eye with cascades. The most hilly part of the
State which has been surveyed, and the nearest approach to
mountains are the bluffs of the Wisconsin and Mississippi Rivers,
which rise several hundred feet above the waters that
glide beneath them. The general surface of the State is
about 800 feet above the level of the ocean.  In the region
of Lake Superior, the streams are short and precipitous:
the declevity being more abrupt than in any other part of the
State. The soil is generally excellent; not inferior, as a
whole to any State in the Union. With the exception of the
pineries and the mineral region of Lake Superior, it would
be difficult finding an equal amount of natural facilities and
advantages for agriculture. Three grand divisions are clearly
marked in the State: Prairie, Opening, and Timber land.
The prairies predominate in the southern part of the State,
and are also abundant in the West approaching to Minnesota.
The heavy timbered. lands lie along the west shore of Lake
Michigan, in the counties of Milwaukee, Washington.
Ozaukee, Sheboygan, Manitowoc, Keewaunee, Door and
part of the counties of Calumet, Fond du Lac and Waukesha.
The timber comprises Hickory, Black Walnut, Bass, Oak.
Beach and Maple, interspersed with Pine in Sheboygan.
and Pine and Hemlock in all the counties north. Black Marl

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