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Wisconsin and its opportunities : illustrated by photographs taken in northern Wisconsin
([1905?])

Alexander, A. S.
Hog raising,   p. [32] PDF (288.4 KB)


Page [32]


                        Hog Raising
By DR. A. S. ALEXANDER, Prof. of Veterinary Surgery, Wisconsin College of
Agriculture
W    H   HILE the attention of stock-
           breeders is being justly at-
W         tracted  to the wonderful
           possibilities offered for the
successful production of sheep for mut-
ton and wool upon the fertile, virgin,
soils of the cheap, "cut-over" lands
skirting the lines of the Wisconsin
Central Railroad in Northern Wiscon-
sin it should be borne in mind that the
same region offers essentially practi-
cal inducements to the swine raiser.
  The corn belt, with its magnificent
yields of golden grain-corn that by
reason of its treasures of starch and
oil furnishes the best possible mate-
rial for the production of animal fat-
has given rise to a breed of swine
noted the world over as "the lard hog."
This, surely, is a fitting name for the
Poland China, which, with the trot-
ting horse, lays claim to American
origination and has brought credit and
cash galore to its producers. But even
corn, like other kings, has its failings
and the lard hog is not the criterion
of conformation, constitution, or qual-
ity. Corn is an incomplete food-super-
latively rich in fat formers but corre-
spondingly poor in bone and muscle-
making materials-hence animals pro-
duced gereration after generation up-
on corn as a well-nigh exclusive diet
become similarly incomplete. Like
corn they abound in fat; like corn they
lack the corresponding constituents of
protein-they are deficient in vim,
vigor, bone and muscle. To these hogs
cholera has proved a scourge. Their
debilitated constitutions and sluggish
blood have offered the germ of the dis-
ease its most suitable habitat and pro-
liferating place; thus the annual rav-
ages of the fell disease have sadly off-
set the profits of marketing corn in the
shape of the lard hog. In Canada the
lard hog has not been extensively
bred; nor could it originate in that
colder, higher land where corn is not
the  cheapest, most prolific  grain.
Where legumes luxuriate there the ba-
con hog thrives best. His frame is
strong in bone; his muscle well devel-
oped; his constitution rugged and har-
dy; his blood pure and his whole sys-
tem healthy, hence cholera and kin-
dred diseases rarely find in him a
breeding place. Nowhere do legumes
flourish better than in Northern Wis-
consin. Clover springs up wherever
sown, drowning unsightly stumps in
billows of succulent green forage.
One seeding is enough, for clover here
neither winter kills nor throws out
with frost. Crimson, red, white and
alsike clover, cowpeas and beans-
these are the legumes, while supple-
mentary nitrogenous food is near at
hand in the cheap wheat screenings to
be had from the great flour mills of
Minnesota and used with profit for hog
feeding.
  When to high altitude, pure water,
invigorating atmosphere and abun-
dance of oats and other protein-rich
feeding material cheaply produced and
procured is added the fact that swine
disease has never invaded this region,
it surely becomes apparent that here
is to be found Nature's sanitarium for
the production of healthy swine.


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