Northern Wisconsin Agricultural and Mechanical Association / Transactions of the Northern Wisconsin Agricultural and Mechanical Association, including a full report of the industrial convention held at Neenah, Wisconsin, February, 1886. Together with proceedings of the Association for 1884, to January 1, '86
Vol. XI (1886)
Corn, cows and clover, pp. 233-244 PDF (2.4 MB)
AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL ASSOCIATION. 233 Mr. Brainard -I certainly would not work any land of the nature of mine, clay soil, when it was wet. Mr. Huntley then read a paper entitled, CORN, COWS AND CLOVER. There can be no good farming that does not keep con- stantly in view the improvement of the farm; making it continually more productive. How to do this will be the effort of this paper. You cannot take late crops of grain or grass year after year from the same piece of land, returning nothing back to enrich it, without exhausting the soil and impoverishing the land, as too many farmers all over the state have too slowly and too sadly learned. Constant manuring with good culti- vation will not only keep up the original fertility of the soil, but will enable us to grow larger and better crops than were grown when the land was first cleared and broken and re- sponded so generously to the pioneer farmers' first efforts. One writer says good cultivation is manure. While this may be true in part, or so far as drawing from the atmos- phere is concerned, I never yet saw a farm too highly ma- nured or too well cultivated for corn. Corn, Cows and Clover, are the three factors which I shall use to assist me in the solution of the problem now before us. Were my land rich enough I should grow but little clover, or if I knew of any practical way of keeping up the fertility of the soil without clover in the rotation, then I might leave it out, for I believe that nearly twice the amount of feed can be grown with corn as with clover. Let us keep constantly in mind the solution of this problem, that the larger the crop of feed the more cows can be kept on a given number of acres, and this gives more manure with increased fertility. But the trouble is right here, we cannot and do not grow large crops; our land is not in so high a state of cultivation as it should be by a long way, and I use the word "cultivation" in its broadest sense.
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