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Northrop, E. B.; Chittenden, H. A., Jr. (ed.) / The Wisconsin lumberman, devoted to the lumbering interests of the northwest
(July, 1874)

Export duty on saw logs,   pp. 400-401 PDF (707.2 KB)

Page 400

400                   The Wisconsi.
$5,000,000 in value of this timber is r
exported annually from Australia. v
The leaves of this tree are of a dark a
bluish color, about ten inches long, r
an inch wide, thin and oddly twisted. I
They exhale a strong camphor-like I
odor, quite agreeable and pleasant,
which, with the large absorption of
water by the roots, cause the benefi- c
cial influence of the tree. It bears a F
small white flower, having no odor.
In consequence of its anti-febrile I
qualities, the English government has E
planted it extensively in the East 3
Indies and Africa, in fever districts,
with the most satisfactory results. I
In France, Cuba, Spain, Mexico, and I
many other places where malaria, X
fever, ague, and other pestilential E
diseases prevailed, the eucalypti have
also been planted. The wonderful I
properties of this tree have been dis- i
cussed by many scientific institutions
in Europe. In the Academy of Sci-
ences in this city its medical and
anti-miasmatic qualities have re-
ceived considerable attention. Dr.
Pigne Dupuytren testified before that
academy of the virtues of the euca-
lyptus, and stated that he and Dr.
DOlivera had tested it in the French
hospitaL In the garden surrounding
this hospital a large number of the
trees are planted for sanitary pur-
poses. It had been found efficacious
in the treatment of affections of the
larynx and of mucous membrane in
general.  Experiments,   carefully
made, have proved that in a medical
preparation it cures cases of inter-
mittent lever, against which quinine
alone proves powerless. It is also
valuable as a disinfectant.
In Algeria its cultivation was un-
dertaken on a large scale. Some
13,000 eucalypti were planted in an
extremely pestilential and unhealthy
section, where fever prevailed to a
great extent every year. During the
fourth year of their growth, at the
time wvhen the fever season used to
set in, not a single ease of fever oc-
curred, yet the trees were only nine
feet high. Since then this place is
eported free from its unwelcome
isitations. In the vicinity of Con-
stantinople, another fever spot,
narshy and sickly, the whole ground
was dried up by 14,000 of these trees.
:n Cuba, marsh diseases are rapidly
disappearing upon the introduction.
)f this tree. A railway station in the
lepartment of the Var, France, was
so pestilential that the officials could
iot remain there longer than a year.
Forty of these trees were planted,
and the unhealthy condition of the
place was changed.
Two miles from Haywards, in this
state, the surveyor general planted
two.groves of the eucalyptus, one of
about ninety acres and the other
seventy acres, the whole comprising
150,000 trees. They are now only
about five years old, yet many of the
trees are forty to fifty feet high, the
whole making a most extensive and
beautiful forest, for fuel and timber
purposes being worth thousands of
The special committee of the house
of commons, of the Dominion of
Canada, charged with enquiring into
the working of the export duty upon
logs, shingle-bolts, and stave-bolts,
has made the following report:
That the export duty upon logs,
shingle-bolts, and stave-bolts, im-
posed under schedule F of the tariff
act of 1868, cap. 44 of 31 Vic. is a
tax upon settlers and owners of tim-
ber, who are prevented by its opera-
tion from securing the fuil advan-
tage of the best market.
That the export duty, while re-
ducing the market value of logs and
bolts for the benefit of mill owners,
does not promote the manufacture
of lumber, shingles, and staves at
the principal Lake Erie ports and at
many other points in Canada.
That a large proportion of the ex-
port of pine and oak logs as long
timber enters into the same clas of
jI i

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