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Northrop, E. B.; Chittenden, H. A., Jr. (ed.) / The Wisconsin lumberman, devoted to the lumbering interests of the northwest
(July, 1874)

Lumber in Mississippi,   pp. 390-391 PDF (782.6 KB)


Page 390


The Wisconsin Lumberman.
LUMBER IN MISSISSIPPI.
Mississippi, pre-eminently an agri- i
cultural state, bids fair to yet rival ]
Maine or Michigan as a lumber cen- I
tre. There is no limit to the demand i
for lumber from abroad; there is no I
limit to our supply. All southern i
Mississippi, and extending far back I
into the interior, is one vast unbroken i
pine forest, whose wealth of timber
has yet been scarcely tapped. Your i
correspondent has lately traveled the
counties along the seacoast, which 1
form a part of what is now generally
spoken of as "The Great Lumber
Region of Mississippi," with the
special purpose of noting the increase
in this industry, the facilities for
shipping, etc. When I saythatthree
thousand miles of river, navigable for
rafts, wind through this " great lum-
ber region," some idea may be formed
of its vast extent. At this place, the
Pascagoula river debouches into the
gulf; or, more properly, into the
Mississippi sound. The Pascagoula
and its tributaries, all navigable for
rafts, drain all that section of coun-
try, from the Mobile and the Tom-
bigbee on the east, and from near
the Pearl on the west and as far north
as a county or two south of the
Vicksburg and Meridian railroad.
The Pearl river,emptying into the
sound near Bay St. Louis, drains
Harrison, Pearl, Lawrence, Pike and
two or three other counties ; and the
Jordan and Wolf rivers, emptying
into Bay St. Louis, extend for more
than one hundred miles into the
interior.
At Moss Point, some six miles
above this, at the junction of the Dog
river with the Pascagoula, there are
now in operation eighteen large saw
mills; three or four below the point,
and a few smaller ones higher up.
From these mills the lumber is trans-
ported to the ships in the harbor
upon schooners, which generally
carry about 40,000 feet each trip.
The average capacity of the exporting
vessels is about 200,000 feet, or say
f 200 tons, though some are as large
as 450 tons. The Pascagoula harbor
is considered the best on the coast,
It is protected by Horn island, which
lies off shore eight miles. Just in-
side of the island, vessels can load to
the depth of eighteen feet, while ves-
sels drawing less than sixteen feet
can load within two miles of the
shore. There are now several foreign
vessels in port, loading for England
and the continent.
To show the growth of the lumber
business within the past year: I find
that from this district (which in-
cludes both the ports of Shieldsboro
and Pascagoula) that in January of
this year there were 30 vessels cleared,
18 for foreign ports-West Indies,
Mexico, South America, England,
Belgium, etc., and 12 for coastwise
ports-New York, Philadelphia, etc.
These vessels had a total tonnage of
7,945 tons, and carried from our
shores 5,536,569 feet of lumber. In
February, March and April, there
was cleared an average of 24 vessels
each month. The lumber sells at the
mills at an average of $15 per M.
To still further give you an idea of
what it will be in the future, I will
copy from my notes some recent sales
of lands in the lumber region. Mr.
C. H. Shepherd, of Lansing, Michi-
gan, has purchased 40,000 acres in
Hancock and Pearl counties, and lo-
cated on the Pearl and Jordan rivers.
Mr. J. D. Norton and Mr. T. A. Flow-
ers, of Pontiac, Mich., something
over 40,000 acres, located on Black
creek, a tributary to the Pascagoula.
Some of these lands are in Lawrence
and Copiah counties, on the Pearl;
but mostly in Marion county, on
Black creek. Mr. T. Hall, of Ann
Arbor, Michigan, has purchased
about 30,000 acres on the Pearl, the
Jordan and the Pascagoula. Mr. S.
M. Wilcox, one of the heaviest land.
owners in Michigan, has bought
12,000 acres on Pearl river, in Marion
county. These lands have mostly
been sold by Mr. S. M. Baldwin, of
Chicago, who has spent the last two
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390
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