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The history of Columbia County, Wisconsin, containing an account of its settlement, growth, development and resources; an extensive and minute sketch of its cities, towns and villages--their improvements, industries, manufactories, churches, schools and societies; its war record, biographical sketches, portraits of prominent men and early settlers; the whole preceded by a history of Wisconsin, statistics of the state, and an abstract of its laws and constitution and of the constitution of the United States
(1880)

Butterfield, C. W.
V.--Wisconsin as a state,   pp. 52-109 PDF (28.8 MB)


Page 52


2HISTORY OF WISCONSIN.
re-organized the election districts, and conferred on the governor the power
and duty of making
an apportionment, based on the census to be taken, for the next legislative
assembly, when, on
the third of February, 1846, both houses adjourned sine die. On the twenty-second
of January,
Governor Dodge appointed A. Hyatt Smith attorney general of the Territory.
On the twenty-
fourth of February, John Catlin was appointed Territorial secretary by the
president.
     The census taken in the following June showed a population for the Territory
of one hun-
 dred and fifty-five thousand two hundred and seventy-seven. Delegates having
been elected to
 form a constitution for the proposed new State, met at Madison on the fifth
day of October.
 After completing their labors, they adjourned. This event took place on
the sixteenth of
 December, 1846. The constitution thus formed was submitted to a popular
vote on the first
 Tuesday of April, 1847, and rejected. The first session of the fifth legislative
assembly com-
 menced on the fourth of January of that year. But little was done. Both
houses finally
 adjourned on the eleventh of February, 1847.   John H. Tweedy was elected
as the successor
 of Morgan L. Martin, delegate to the thirtieth congress, on the sixth of
September following. On
 the twenty-seventh of that month, Governor Dodge issued a proclamation for
a special session
 of the legislature, to commence on the eighteenth of the ensuing month,
to take action concern-
 ing the admission of Wisconsin into the Union. The two houses assembled
on the day named
 in the proclamation, and a law was passed for the holding of another convention
to frame a
 constitution; when, after nine days' labor, they adjourned. Delegates to
the new convention
 were elected on the last Monday of November, and that body met at Madison
on the fifteenth
 of December, 1847. A census of the Territory was taken this year, which
showed a population
 of two hundred and ten thousand five hundred and forty-six. The result of
the labors of the
 second constitutional convention was the formation of a constitution, which,
being submitted
 to the people on"the second Monday of March, 1848, was duly ratified.
     The second and last session of the fifth legislative assembly - the
last legislative assembly
 of Wisconsin Territory-commenced on the seventh of February, 1848, and adjourned
sine die
 on the thirteenth of March following. On the twentieth of the same month,
J. H. Tweedy,
 delegate from Wisconsin, introduced a bill in congress for its admission
into the Union. The
 bill was finally passed; and on the twenty-ninth of May, 1848, Wisconsin
became a State.
 There had been seventeen sessions of the legislative assembly of the Territory,
of an average
 duration of forty days each: the longest one lasted seventy-six days; the
shortest, ten days. So
 long as the Territory had an existence, the apportionment of thirteen members
for the council, and
 twenty-six for the house of representatives, was continued, as provided
in the organic act.
 There had been, besides those previously mentioned, nine additional counties
" set off" by the
 legislative assembly of the Territory, so that they now numbered in all
twenty-eight: Milwaukee,
 Waukesha, Jefferson, Racine, Walworth, Rock, Green, Washington, Sheboygan,
Manitowoc, Calu-
 met, Brown, Winnebago, Fond du Lac, Marquette, Sauk, Portage, Columbia,
Dodge, Dane, Iowa,
 La Fayette, Grant, Richland, Crawford, Chippewa, St. Croix, and La Pointe.
                             V.-WISCONSIN AS A STATE.
             FIRST ADMINISTRATION. --NELSON DEWEY, GovERNOR-1848, 1849.
     The boundaries prescribed in the act of congress, entitled "An
Act to enable the people of
Wisconsin Territory to form a Constitution and State Government, and for
the admission of such
State into the Union," approved August 6, 1846, were accepted by the
convention which formed
the constitution of Wisconsin, and are described in that instrument as "beginning
at the north-
east corner of the State of Illinois --that is to say, at a point in the
center of Lake Michigan
62


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