Whitbeck, R. H., 1871-1939 (Ray Hughes) / The geography of the Fox-Winnebago valley
Chapter I. Valleys, pp. -6 ff. PDF (1.0 MB)
CHAPTER I VALLEYS VALLEYS AND MANKIND During the long ages of the past the land surface of the earth has been worked upon by air and frost, furrowed by streams, and wrinkled by the mountain-making forces. For ages, of whose great length we have no conception, the rains have fallen upon the land, collected into brooks, joined into rivers, and flowed to the sea. In so doing they have slowly carved the valleys in which they now flow. Some valleys are narrow and deep with steep sides. Others are broad and open. From the earliest times men have chosen to live in the broad, open valleys because life in them is easier than life on the hills or among the mountains or on the plateaus. VALLEYS OF THE OLD WORLD It is a notable fact in history that most of the rich and powerful nations of the ancient world grew up in the valleys of the great rivers, particularly in those which had fertile flood plains-in the valleys of the Nile, of the Tigris-Euphrates, of the Indus and the Ganges, and on the rich alluvial plains of China. The rivers and valleys of Europe were for centuries the main routes along which trade and travel moved, and at favorable places the principal centers of population have grown up. The richest and most cultured part of Italy is the flood plain of the Po, known as the Plain of Lombardy. The larger part of the people of Austria- Hungary live in the broad basin drained by the Danube and its branches. For 2000 years the Rhine has been the great natural highway of western Europe. In the rugged plateau of Spain the broader valleys are almost the only cultivated and populous parts; and the valleys of the Rhine and the Garonne, of the Loire and the Seine, are the most thickly peopled regions of France.
Based on date of publication, this material is presumed to be in the public domain.| For information on re-use, see http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright