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Whitbeck, R. H., 1871-1939 (Ray Hughes) / The geography of the Fox-Winnebago valley
(1915)

Introduction,   pp. [1]-3 PDF (793.5 KB)


Page [1]


INTRODUCTION
There are two phases to the geography of a region; one deals
with the physicalfeatures as such, and is termed Physical Geog-
raphy. The other deals with the region as the home of man;
this is geography in its larger meaning. The non-physical phase
of the study is sometimes called human geography, and sometimes
it is called applied geography. Physical geography reaches back
into geology and includes a discussion of:
(1) the rock structure of the region,
(2) the surface features-both land and water,
(3) the climate,
(4) the natural resources, including
(a) the soil,
(b) the minerals,
(c) the forests,
(d) the fisheries,
(e) the navigable waterways,
(f) the water powers,
(5) the plant and animal life.
The human or applied geography, while it is never distinctly
separable from the physical, includes those geographical con-
ditions for which man is responsible, such as:
(a) the establishing of cities, towns, counties, states, roads,
railroads, ports, etc.;
(b) industries-mining, lumbering, farming, fishing, manu-
facturing, trading, and transporting.
Physical geography has its foundation in the science of geology;
and applied geography, while having its foundation in physical
geography, deals mainly with the industries, commerce, and
other occupations of the people.
Man and His Geographical Environment. On account of his
intellectual superiority civilized man dominates lower animals and
lower races of men and is able greatly to modify the physical
FM Rivw-2


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