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Milwaukee's community renewal program: urban renewal techniques
(May 1964)

V. Organization for renewal,   pp. 36-40

Page 36

The planning and execution of renewal not only involves many procedural steps, but also numerous
facets of activity which demand the services of a variety of skilled technicians and talented professionals.
Qualified administrators, city planners, social scientists, statisticians, urban conservationists, relocation super-
visors, real estate appraisers, accountants, financing and budget advisers, clerical help, draftsmen, engineers,
architects, artists all have important roles to play in the community's total planning and renewal effort. It is
not enough, however, for a city planning or urban renewal agency to simply hire qualified personnel and assign
them work. An agency should be so organized that each major type of professional or technical activity con-
stitutes an administrative unit whose work is coordinated with that of each other unit. This principle of organi-
zation assures the most efficient use of agency personnel by permitting them to apply themselves, both as indi-
viduals, and as members of teams, to the tasks which they are best equipped to handle.
The Department of City Development, from its inception in September 1961, recognized this principle of
organization and implemented it through the establishment of five and later six divisions whose work was to be
coordinated by the department's Office of the Director. The six divisions are Planning and Programming, Con-
servation, Management, Administration, Technical and Maintenance, and Real Estate. The activities of three
of these divisions are concerned primarily with important facets of public housing and urban renewal projects -
Conservation, with the execution of conservation projects; Management, with the development and operation
of public housing projects; Technical and Maintenance, with the provision of supervisory, engineering, inspec-
tion, and other technical services relating to the maintenance or demolition of buildings in public housing and
in urban renewal projects. The remaining three divisions are concerned with a variety of matters, most of
which have direct or indirect bearing on urban renewal. Planning and Programming concerns itself with general
community planning, urban renewal planning, zoning, and related research programs and studies. Real Estate
is responsible for the acquisition of properties required for public purposes by all municipal agencies and for the
conducting of related appraisal and land disposal surveys and services. Administration, in addition to providing
the general clerical and administrative services for the department, is in charge of budgeting, financing, ac-
counting, and the review of expenditures for urban renewal and public housing projects. The Office of the
Director not only coordinates the work of the various divisions, but also maintains most of the major contacts
with federal agencies (especially URA) and furthers general inter-agency cooperation in the city's total renewal
The Community Renewal Program anticipates an increased pace of renewal activity, both public and
private. If this materializes, additional planning and relocation personnel will be needed, commensurate with
the need. A larger renewal planning staff, one which should not be created by sacrificing personnel in other
phases of city planning, is needed to guide renewal before it occurs. Similarly, the department's present five

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