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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XVI ([covers January 1937/December 1937])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XVI, no. 4,   pp. [21]-28 PDF (3.9 MB)

Page [21]

W1F. i,  . rF-  I 111RARY
Bureau of Agricultural Economics
Division of Agricultural Statistics
Federal-State Crop Reporting Service
WALTER H. EBLING, Agricultural Statistician
W. D. BORMUTH, Junior Statistician   FRANCIS J. GRAHAM, Junior Statistician
Vol. XVI, No. 4                    State Capitol, Madison, Wisconsin    
                 April, 1937
THE SPRING season again appears
to be somewhat late in Wisconsin
this year. March was a cold month,
though the temperatures were not ex-
treme. Rainfall during March was
below normal, but the amount of
moisture received so far this year is
still above normal.
Northern Wisconsin was quite well
covered with snow and little ground
frost was reported in that area. In
most of southern Wisconsin there was
little snow but extensive ice sheets
existed. In this region the frost was
generally deep in the ground and it
has been rather slow in coming out
this spring. The soil water supply is
reported to be quite good.
The condition of vegetation seems
to vary somewhat and a good deal of
uncertainty prevails concerning the
effects of the winter. The condition
of winter wheat and rye is somewhat
below average this year. The aver-
age reported by crop correspondents
for winter wheat is 79 percent of nor-
mal compared with 90 a year ago, and
a 10-year average of 84; and the con-
dition of rye was reported to be 83
percent or normal compared with 89
last year and a 10-year average of 86.
On the basis of the April 1 condition,
winter wheat production this year is
estimated at 810,000 bushels, which is
nearly twice as much as the small
crop produced last year and about
one-third larger than the 5-year aver-
age. The acreage of winter wheat for
harvest is much larger this year than
it has been during the past several
years, which is the principal reason
for the larger production prospects.
The rye acreage planted last fall was
also large, and it is probable that in
spite of some winterkilling a much
larger acreage of rye will be har-
vested in the state this year than for
several years.
Condition of Winter Wheat, Rye,
and Pasture, April 1
Crop                  10-yr.
1937   1936   As.
wheat ----  79    90     84
Rye-          83    89     86
Pasture  - .   79   87     841
'9-year average, 1924-32.
United States
1937  1936   Av.
73.8  68.5  78.9
71.4  72.4  82.3
66.0  74.6  80.8'
Pasture Prospects Poor
The condition of pasture in Wiscon-
sin on April 1 was reported to be 79
percent of normal compared with 87
percent a year ago, and 84 for the
9-year average.    For the   United
States, pasture conditions also are
rather poor, being 66 percent of nor-
mal compared with nearly 75 percent
last year, and a 9-year average of
over 80.
Whether the heavy ice sheet in
southern Wisconsin did extensive
damage to hay and pasture crops is
not yet fully known. In former years
ice sheets of this type have usually
caused extensive losses of acreage.
By next month the effect of the win-
ter will be more apparent. In the
northern part of the state where there
was a heavy snow cover, it is believed
that the vegetation is in nearly as
good condition as it was last fall. In
this connection it must be remem-
bered, however, that because of the
extreme drought during July and
early August last year new seedings
were generally thin and scarce, which
will seriously affect hay and pasture
production this year.
U. S. WVInter Wheuat crop l.zsrger
For the United States it somewhat
larger winter wheat crop is indicated
this year; the estimate being a little
over 656 million bushels, which is com-
pared with 519 million bushels har-
vested last year. and a 5-year average
of 623 million bushels, As in Wiscon-
sin the conditions of wheat, rye, and
pasture for the United States are con-
siderably below average, as is shown
in the accompanying table.
Graitn  Stocks  oi,  Fe erins  SmaliuII
Stocks of corn, oats, and wheat are
small this year. For both Wiscinsill
and the United States the farm stocks
April Crop Report
Condition of winter wheat, rye,
and pasture below average.
Winter w h e a t production
prospects better because of
increased acreage.
Stocks of Grain on Farms
Farm stocks of grain generally
low as a result of small crops
in 1936.
Milk Production
Production of milk in Wisconsin
and the United States slightly
below a year ago.
Egg Production
Production of eggs in Wisconsin
is slightly above a year ago
because flocks are larger.
Wages of Farm Labor
Wages paid farm laborers in
Wisconsin are now the high-
est since 1931. Demand ex-
ceeds supply.
Cattle on Feed
Fewer cattle in Corn Belt Feed
The Early Lamb Crop
Lambing season late and weath-
er conditions somewhat un-
Current Changes
Unchanged price levels, smaller
stocks of dairy products, and
increased livestock slaughter
are noted.
Prices of Farm Products
No important price changes are
noted in farm products this
month, but prices paid by
f a r m e r s for commodities
bought are rising which will
result in reduced farm pur-
chasing power.
"Wisconsin Poultry"
Bulletin No. 176
About 10 percent of the gross
farm income in WVisconsin is de-
rived from poultry and poultry
p'roducts and there has been a
growing demand for itforma-
tion about the industry. A ncw
bulletin, "Wisconsin Poultry"
has just been published by this
office and is now available for
distribution  Since the number
of copies is limited it is expected
to be distributed only to those
requesting it. To obtain a copy
write to the Wisconsin Crop Re-
porting Service, Post Office Box
351, Madison, Wisconsin.

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