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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XIII ([covers January 1934/December 1934])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XIII, no. 6,   pp. [21]-24 PDF (2.0 MB)

Page [21]

ST ATE  Out I U lV3T'.  I
Rnreau of Agricultural Economics
Division of Agricultural Statistics
Federal-State Crop Reporting Service
WALTER H. EBLING, Agricultural Statistician
S. J. GILBERT. Assistant Agricultural Statistician
Vol. X1II, No. 6             State Capitol, Madison, Wisconsin          
        June, 1934
year Is estimated at 1,289,000 head,
a decrease of 19 per cent from last
year's crop of 1,b86,uO0 head and a de-
cline of 25 percent from the 1930-33 av-
erage. The number of sows farrowing
this spring is estimated at 203,000 as
compared to 247,000 a year ago. The
decline in the pig crop has resulted
from a decrease in the number of sows
farrowed combined with a, somewhat
smaller average littei size. Th' Wis-
consin spring and fall pig crotps have
both been declining since the peak of
1931 when the spring pig crOp was
estimated to be 1,872,000 head and the
fall crop was 916,000.
The United States spring pig crop is
estimated at 37,427,1l00 head froml 6,-
418,000 sows as comprred to 52,022,0Oo
head from 8,866,l000 sows lust spriig,
decline of practically 28 percent in
both sows farrow'irg aind ini pigs savetd.
The decrease in this year's spring pig
crinop resutlted f rlox the deri'asise i the
riu iber  of souvs  ftii'riwed its  thie're  wats
but  little  tharIgi  h  thi   aIvirtig   ritiit-
ber of pigs savid per litter. For the
t'rrn hilt (North t Ciitlll Staltes) this
spring's pig cr Op is estimated at 30.-
122,000 head fro rtx 5,111,01on  sows  is
compared to 41,816,00o1 pitgs froii 7(IS2,-
000 sows in the spring of 193:3. The
decrease in th,' splrinig pig crop was
general all over the United Sttttes, with
sharp reductions in all groups of states
and in neaily all s tates. Iil ithi Corn
Belt the Inlig'st decreatses were in thli
states most severely afficted by the
drought of 1933, where feed supplies
were very short. The rantge ill this
group of sttttes was f'omn a dicrease of
45 percent in Souith Dakota to 19 per-
cent in lVisconsin. Dt'crettses iii tther
areas were as follows: Noirth Atlantic
17 percent. South Atlantic 19 percent.
South Central 32 percent, and Far
Western 24 percent.
Fewer Sows llred FPr Fill
If present intentions are filrly real-
izel,  88,000  sowN  x -ill  falriw  on  W is-
consin farms this foll as comput itl to
125,001) in the fall of 1933 which  'oild
be a decline of 30 percent. It woiitld
r'preseint a decrease of 38 p'rceat from
the peak number of fall farriwiiigs ill
1931. Present plans for the country is
a whole are for 3.133,000 sows to far-
row this fall as compared to 5,029n000
last fall, or a decline of 38 percent.
For the Corn Belt th(e number of sows
to farrow is estimated at 2.079,000 head
which is 42 percent smaller than in
1933. The estimates are based upoll
interpretation of breeding intentions
reported about June 1 and assume that
the relationship between breeding in-
tentions and subsequent farrLowings
The Spring Pig Crop
The Crop Situation
Dairy Production
Egg Production
Prices of Farm Products
will be fairly similar to the relation-
ship in other years. Since the indi-
cated decreases this year are so much
gr - ater than ever before reported tlt
inttentions relports mray not be as good a
guide  to  subsequent farrowings    as
they have proven to be in other reiit
years. In view of the very pool pas-
tures and unfavorable prospects both
for pastures and feed production, how -
'ver, the indicated reduction In fall
litters does not seem unreasonable.
Estimates of the pig crop are made
from reports returned by farmers in a
n ationw ide inquiry conducted by the
United States De partment of Agricul-
ture in cooperation  wvith the UIiited
States Post Oftice D)epartniuent through
the rural mail carrier's.   fore than
9,000 Wisconsin farmers and abouit
150,000 farmers in the entire natiol co-
operated in furnishing information this
(000 oumitted)      ..
Spring    Fa .ll
, ;,  -w   rn      -      -n °
1930   2ttV  1,726  121   79:t 2,519
1931 - 285 1,872   141    O1l1  2,7SS
1932__ 271 1.191   127    833 2.5.2-4
1933 - 247 1,586   125    S08  2,394
1934--  203  1,289  8S    ---    -----
(12 North Central States)
1930--6,779 40.477 -----        ----
193 1-7,3U40 44,300 3,299  20,170 614.470
19.32--%.9l6l 939,885 3,474 21,44:1 tl1.328
1933--7.092 41.816 3.4112 21.493 413,301)
1934--5,111 T 30,122 ?2,09 * --  _
1930--8,216 49,431  ----- ____     -----
1931--8,913 53, 4412 4,721  2ti,7013 82,425
1912-8,4191 A0:,322r 5,038  30,4179 81,001
11)33 -,8116 52,022 5,4:29  29.745 81,707
19.34__l,418 37,427 3,133  _____  ____
* Estimates based OIL intentions of
farmers as reported in the June pig
survey and su liject to revision.
' Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Mllichigan,
Wisconsin, Mill eoSuta, Io aL, Missouri,
North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska,
alld lKlnsas.
'I'le Crop S11itua11tion
Tue bcginniiig   ,,t .1uile found crop
ColnditiOIns ill \VISCOIISill at iln all time
lowV pilit for uni1t tiiiie of the yerLI.
A large area ill 11o0lthesterli riLd cen-
tral \\ ioSjlsin si1u  iid tile lowest pas-
tr' ail haly coniiditions lvi' reported
,i tlie state. ExcepIt for ai SmrroW strip
aluirg thle iortherri eulge (it the state
and a few  1oon01ta1 s iill alls-asterni part
alon    lakeMi Alirhigan i iro ciniditions
\\'Iii' getli rally 11orl.
lastlli, iZill itiotIs Ifat thie stlate as at
Wh ltilt HI o I I, b)i uiniitg of t1w  initi
xVeralgi ,l aidy 4: 1) l  ciiil of niorniial,
tatille Itlyt II per cent, \ illtel wheat 5t;
iiei ielet, atild ry' 49 pelr ceiit. All of
these !tir  liwwe  conditiuns  hthan have
been plreviously recorded for tliiiso
crolis iii June.
'I i  ' Xtienlltcly  lo' ionditioiis  re-
pitid Ni ire tile rsulllt of bieloiw  Itor'-
onl rainil all iil large Parts of \\iscoii-
sin dirling the past live years. In five
Olt if the \Wisconsin tiue' crop i eport-
tieg districts the a(vrtige rainfall dur-
ing 1032 :irtd 1933 was 17 petr tnt urn-
ili i1 normal arid thue i aifall dtLr'illg thle
lirst four nmonths of 193., ill this area
\x\;tisttlbut at third if (tioiiital. liDiurig
MIy 'ratilnfall till ovir (ihe slat,' wvs cx-
ie liigly light, aiid Its t result of the
a1e0i'iilaLteId  nioisttiie ditiehiinvy tihe
'iiiiilitioiu  liecarne exeetlingly critical.
Thi  ildrought colltitirtrd irito the first
\% . ck if June, but since then moderate
prl ipitattioni hlas bceen fairly well dis-
trihiti tel io the state.
lIii eontditiott ofi slii'irxg-sriwii grains
wtile still poo10  sh'wed isollr imitprove-
nitit durling .ltine, blit eveni so the
prospects ari ftoi ull ,xieidingly small
gratin  crop.  'I'hel iiittiir,' came too
late for the fir st crop of itime hay. but
since the ratiis the secondl crop of al-
falfa in sore ar etirs at letist is off to a
fair start, and the large acreages of
emergency htty such as Sildari grass
and millet which have been planted
have enougit moisture to begin their
Pi r till il lit'- ' ItilO'q tl l'iropp rlos-
jwctt :114 ir . , '-  ])o(l'. Ile'ord( low

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