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Henry, W. A. (William Arnon), 1850-1932 / Amber cane in Wisconsin : a circular from the Agricultural Department of the state university

Profits of cane-growing,   pp. 8-10 PDF (754.3 KB)

Page 8

work it on shares. By so doing all find it profitable. The
refiner prepares for his part of the work; the field operator
and planter for theirs; so that all work in unison,
thereby a grand result is the ultimatum and both parties
handsomely rewarded. Another object attained by steam
trains is the economy of fuel. Where fuel is scarce on the
prairies the furnaces can be so constructed as to burn all
the bagasse (or cane stalks), thereby working on quite an
economical basis.
  To those in doubt as to whether it is pays to grow
cane, I would refer the following letter sent me by one of
our careful farmers. It is the most complete statement I
have vet seen and deserves careful attention:
                         KENOSHA, Wis., Feb. 26, i88i.
PROFESSOR W. A. HENRY, Madison, Wis.
  De.r Sir:-I herewith give you the result of growing
one acre of amber sugar cane ii I88o. The plot of g:ound
is composed of black muck, verging into a sand loam, two-
thirds of the plot being the former and one-third the latter.
There were about four rods of very low ground on which
the cane grew very rank and lodged. There was no waste
ground. In i879 it wvas heavily manured and a very heavy
growth of drilled fodder corn raised, and plowed that
fall. The ground was dragged and marked in rows one
way, three feet and a half apart, extending north and south,
on May 20th, and on May 2ISt it was planted by hand,
dropping the seed in the marks made by the marker and
covering with the foot. Two pounds of seed were used.
One half of it was planted from twelve to eighteen inches
apart and the other from twelve to twenty-five inches. I
think it would average seven or eight seed to a hill. It was
then rolled, and cultivated twice with a two-horse cultiva-
tor. One man spent one day on the piece with the hoc
cutting out grass between the hills. This would not have
been necessary had the seed come up evenly. One third ou
the piece wvas dry and the seed not being covered an}
deeper, did not come up for two weeks, hence could not cul
tivate it evenly. It was stripped by hand at intervals fromr
September I4th to September 27th, cut and bound Septem-
ber 28th, drawn to mill on the 29th and 3oth, carefully
  weighed and piled. Total weight i '  tons.
    The first half, or that planted the thickest, weighed abou
  eight tons and the other half 5"'0 tons. The cane wa
  made up October 7th, and yielded one hundred and seven

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