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Morgan, Banner Bill (ed.) / Transactions of the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts and Letters
volume XXXVI (1944)

Sweet, C. V.
Gasogens,   pp. 435-440 PDF (1.9 MB)


Page 435

 GASOGENS 435 
C. V. SWEET 
Chief, Division of Industrial Investigations 
Forest Products Laboratory*, Forest Service 
U. S. Department of Agriculture 
 The gasification of wood or charcoal in generators, commonly called gasogens,
attached to trucks, busses, passenger cars, tractors, and motor boats for
use in lieu of gasoline has been developed vigorously during recent years
in several foreign countries. It is applicable for use with internal combustion
engines other than diesels. Probably the most active development since the
start of the war has taken place in Sweden and in Germany. In countries where
the gasoline supply has seemed to be adequate, the interest in -substitute
fuels, especially nonliquid fuels, has been relatively small. Of 74,567 motor
vehicles registered as operating in Sweden in 1942, over 90 per cent were
operated by means of gasogens. Some reported figures as to use of gasogens
in other countries are as follows: 
 Germany 350,000 Brazil 22,000 
 France 110,000 Denmark 20,000 
 Russia 100,000 Switzerland 15,000 
 Australia 45,000 Belgium 15,000 
 Italy 25,000 India 10,000 
 A few experimental units have been operated in Canada andthe United States.
 Thus the term "gasogen" is more familiar to audiences in many foreign countries
than in the United States. Under normal conditions, wide-spread commercial
adoption of gasogens, or producer-gas units, is certainly not to be expected.
Under certain conditions such that large quantities of gasoline are used
for long steady hauls, especially in wooded or farm woodland areas, it is
not impossible th&t sufficient saving in fuel costs can be realized to
compensate for the disadvantages that lie in a nonliquid fuel. Use on Wisconsin
farm tractors seems quite remote at present due to interference with the
vision of the operator 
* Maintained at Madison, Wis., in cooperation with the University of Wisconsin.


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