Wisconsin State Horticultural Society / Annual report of the Wisconsin State Horticultural Society for the year 1910
Volume XL, Part II (1910)
Post, R. L.
The small fruit plantation, pp. 207-212 PDF (1.3 MB)
WINTER MEETING. were found not to have been exaggerated, but the green trees and lawns, the yellow cornfields dotted with golden pumpkins and the freshness and civilization of Minnesota and Wisconsin seemed very welcome to eyes wearied with western wonders. THE SMALL FRUIT PLANTATION. R. L. POST. The conditions which determine the location, planning, and management of a plantation for small fruits are so numerous and varied that it will be possible to give only a few scattered suggestions as to some of the factors which enter into the success- ful management of such a plantation. In presenting the following suggestions I shall consider mainly the plantation which supplies a local market. In this brief paper I shall make no attempt to define a sysem of laying out the plantation, because that will depend to a greater or less degree upon the extent and topography of the land, and upon the character of the soil. Neither shall I give advice as to the varieties that should be grown, since this depends even more upon the peculiarities of soil and climate, also upon the methods of culture and upon the kind of market. The first suggestion which I wish to make is this-that as a general rule a large number of fruits, together with other crops, is preferable to an excess of any one fruit. By this I do not mean to convey the idea that special emphasis should not be placed upon a certain crop, or crops, but for reasons which are to follow there should be a liberal sprinkling of other crops. Of course it cannot be denied that decided advantages arise from specialization, but I believe that for a retail market it is much more profitable to adopt the plan which has been indicated. In the first place it necessitates the proper handling of the soil, or, in other words, it brings about the practice of rotation, with all the benefits accruing therefrom. One of the most im- portant things to consider in this connection is the combating of insect and fungus pests, for by varying the crops on a given. piece of land the life processes of these pests are seriously inter- rupted, if not entirely suspended, thereby decreasing materially 207
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