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Cranefield, Frederic (ed.) / Wisconsin horticulture
Vol. I (September 1910/August 1911)

Wisconsin horticulture, vol. 1, no. 6: February, 1911,   pp. [1]-16 PDF (7.4 MB)


Page [1]

 
Wisconsin 
Horticulture 
                            Official Organ of the Wisconsin State Horticultural
Societv 
Vol. I                                           February, 1911         
                                  No. 6 
         THE CONVENTION 
  \Vo propose to give but a brief ae- 
count of the convention. Any at- 
tembpt to cover the three-day program 
would require too much space. 
  There was no skip or break in thl 
program   from   beginning  to end'; 
every one down for a part was plres- 
ent and on time. This is re'rlarkable 
and unusual. Every numblel r \Vl' (tx- 
cellent and it would 'Ix, an injustice 
to point to ainy parti'ular onlIes as 
worthy   of  special nmention. Tile 
it happens that there is yet anyone 
in this state who questions the inter- 
est in horticulture and the devotion 
of its followers he should attend onie 
(If our conventions and observe the 
audience.   From   Tuesday  morning 
until Thursday evening one hundred 
or more riemibers sat from beginning 
to end of each seission taking in every 
word and asking for more. Sonei of 
these men ('aie three hundred  iiles 
to learn and went hbone abundantly 
satitlfiv(d. 
From left to right; Vice-pres. Richardson, Pres. Bingham, Treas. Kellogg.
The Secretary fell off the steps 
                           Just before the camera snapped. 
hlorter 1)alpcrs  will  ll', lpullished  il 
these columns, one or more each 
nonth until the Annual Report al- 
Pears. 
  While the attetndance was not quite 
Ill to that of last year it was satis- 
'actory. Madison   furnished   many 
.ounter-attractions convention week 
'nd the usual heavy local attendance 
'as lacking. 
  If there was anything lacking in 
ittendance it was more than made 
I') in enthusiasm and attention. If 
   It wvas a sp~h').dhd fcast of' things 
h,,rItic'ultural anld :as ]-ug as' re, have 
"lllvh  ilit I'reS  S 5( 1 vI'  tnel(l ne 1ot  fear 
either for Ilie fiutll'' (f OIIr soIciety 
or flot'  lhorlti'ltiur(  in  \Visc',n.sin. 
  We will not plarticularize, every- 
thing  w'ls good and tI those of our 
bro)therhood who dlid ni)t or could not 
atten(dl wec will only sily y)ili missed 
more thla l you can realize.   Begin 
now to   manlke plins to attend next 
year. 
     PRUNING ORCHARD TREES 
           F. CRANEFIELD. 
  Reprint Bulletin No. 8, W. S. H. S., Published 
             March, 1906. 
  P'runing is th( removal of a part of 
a plant, in order that the remainder 
)hIo.y better serve our p arpose.-Goff 
in Principles of Plant Culture. 
  It is the office of the gardehner to 
assist nature. Ini every neglected tree 
topt may be found evidence, of prun- 
ing. rudimentary branches that have 
failed to develop for lack of air and 
sunlight; branches broken by wind 
or affected by dlis(as' and] removed by 
the processes of dcay. This is nat- 
ural pruning.    h'lie skilled gardener 
anticipatos  these contingencies  by 
(carefull and regular pruning. 
  In. order to pruil intelligently it is 
necessary to be ncnqulaint-Il with the 
irinciples of p1lat growth. A brief 
outline of some of these follow: 
          lloW I'IANI'S  FEHl. 
   Th'   food  of plants is derived 
in   po rt  from   the   soil.  This 
(!rude (uindigested) material is taken 
up b)y tHI ,-oo, ts and conveyed through 
the ,ltl'r whd hlayer' to the leaves, 
where by action of the sunlight it is 
c.hanged  (digestcd) an d distributed( 
to huld. br'anch mid root to be used 
ill growth or stored as reserve. 
  It follows, fron this thot the re- 
moval of any .lrge part of the lchaves 
  pruning  in sulliw','.-  d('ipriv'-s  tle 
Iphlnt of it4 Imwer to) a~siunilate food, 
- checks w,,olod growth. hI like man- 
tat' I lle il(0%'1] of roots, at anly sea- 
soil, I'hbeks woold growth 1Iy de(prit'ing 
thi p(lma O f till' pow'er to app (rolpriate 
food. 
BALANCI. BETVE1IN hOWT AND BRANCII. 
  lUnder tnormaitl --ind(listutrllbed-con- 
ditious 1 la1alance( exists in a tree or 
plant bletweenl r'oots and top, i. e., a 
certain number of roots for a certain 
numlber of buds and branches. 
  The removal of one without dis- 
turl)ing the other upsets the balance. 


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