Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes / Wisconsin Farmers' Institutes : a hand-book of agriculture. A report of the twelfth annual closing Farmers' Institute held at Janesville, March 8, 9, and 10, 1898
Bulletin No. 12 (1898)
France, N. E.
Improved methods of bee keeping, pp. 93-98 PDF (1.5 MB)
93 IMPROVED METHODS OF BEE KEEPING. IMPROVED METHODS OF BEE KEEPING. N. E. FRAINCE, State Inspector of Apiarlex, Platteville, Wi. BEE-VEIL AND SMOKER USED BY N. E. FRANCE. I am thankful indeed that one has been upon this floor who represents bee-keeping and illustrates the fact that this industry does not require heavy labor, but rather skill and management, with good judgment. The Old Way. Well may the farmer of today boast of the improved machinery and better farming. As bee-keeping is a branch of agriculture, I wish to call your at- tention to some of the improved methods and implements of this sweet occupation. Many of you remember only a few years ago, when the ma- jority of farmers had enough bees in either straw hives or else In boxes or log gums, as tney were calleu, antu it was not uncommon for salt bar- rels to come into like use. The bees, loing as they pleased, were sure to have the crooked combs well inter- locked, and if we wanted any honey we would dig a suitable grave, then put on our coat of arms, and at even- mng carefully set the heaviest hive over some brimstone matches that were put in the pit, and await the soon deathly silence. The best comb honey would be carefully set aside for company, and the dark combs containing some honey with plenty of bee-bread and often some larva bees, were all broken up and put in a cloth sack near the old-fashioned fireplace, where the strained honey, well flavor- ed, would drain out. In those days we knew little about the queen bee and her importance. We kept all hives in low sheds, and expected the bees to feed themselves and us too; if they died, as they often did, it was because some of the family had died or we were out of luck. We were sure to be in luck during swarming season, as they would be sure to cast while we were in the field haying, or while we were at church on Sunday mornings. Our neighbors knew when the bees swarmed by the racket of our bells, tin pans, horns and firing off of the old musket. Profit in Bee". The improved machinery and methods of today finds the progressive bee-keeper with a cheap and com- fortable bee-veil which he wears oc- casionally, handling his bees bare- handed, as carefully as any other farm stock. Within twenty-five miles of this room was one of these model bee-keepers, who so handled his 1,000 to 1,400 colonies that the owner soon became one of our wealthy bankers. 0 I + ~ ~~ ~~ 1.A-. I N ^]1- -2 n
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