Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XXIX ([covers January 1950/December 1950])
Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XXIX, no. 6, pp. -4 PDF (2.0 MB)
51,,; _ WISCONSIN WI.S. LEG. REF. LIBRARY CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORTER UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Bureau of Agricultural Economics WISCONSIN DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Division of Agricultural Statistics Federal-State Crop Reporting Service C. D. Caparoon. Emery C. Wilcox, Cecil W. Estes Agricultural Statistlelans Vol. XXIX, No. 6 State Capitol, Madison, Wisconsin June 1950 IN THIS ISSUE June Crop Report Prospects for Wisconsin and United States crop production improved during May. June 1 reports, however, showed that crop prospects for the state and nation were rather uncertain because of the slowness with which the crop season started. Milk Production Milk production on Wisconsin farms as well as for the nation was lower in May this year Man a year ago. FrOeUuLtuct per cow failed to make the usual seasonal increase from April to Mlay, and the peak in milk pro- duction may occur later this year. Egg Production Egg production on Wisconsin farms in May was slightly be- low a year ago, but for the nation egg production was 5 percent above last year. There are fewer young chickens and chicks on farms in both the slate and nation than there were a year ago. Prices Farmers Receive and Pay The general level of pt-ices received by Wisconsiti farmers increased from April to May, but the May index was still be- low a year earlier. Hog and milk prices in May averaged about the same as a year ago, and beef cattle prices are a little higher this year. Current Trends Cold-storage holdings of but- ter, cheese, frozen poultry. and eggs are all larger than a year ago, and with the exception of frozen poultry show increases from May to June. Stocks of dried, condensed, evaporated, and powdered milk products are all smaller than a year ago. Special Items (pages 3 and 4) Dairy Manutfactutlers-194¶i Hay Acreage Losses Corn Planting Late SOME IMPROVEMENT in Wiscon- sin's crop prospects occurred from the first of May to the beginning of June, according to reports from the state's crop correspondents. However, crop condition in Wisconsin and for the nation as a whole are generally well below the conditions reported on June 1 last year and they are also under average for some crops. In this and other northern states, crops were planted late and unde- unfavorable weather conditions this yea-. Wisconsin farmers were about three weeks behind in planting small grains, and the corn crop was planted a week or more later than usual. Rainfall was spotty throughout the state ill May, and farmers in some areas reported the soil too dry for good germination. Temperatures were also low for this time of year, which also retarded the growth of vegetation. Probable production of small grains varies, but these crops made progress during the latter part of May and eaily June. Although the oat crop was planted unusually late, the June I condition indicated a crop only a little smaller than the one harvested last veal and well above average. Barley production is expected to be larger than last year because of the larger acreage planted. Spring and winter wheat and rye crops in the state prob- ablv will be smaller than last year and the 10-year average. (Conditions of Crops, June 1, 1950 1Q49, and 10-year Average (Percent of normal) Wisconsin United States U Crop 10-yr | 10-yr. TV. 1950 1949 1948 19 1949 1939- Winter wheat 81 87 86 - Spring wheat 87 91 90 78 84 84 Oats 86 92 89 79 87 81 Bar'ey $6 90 99 78 84 81 Rye 86 88 86 All hay 75 80 86 82 86 83 Clover and timothy hay 75 76 85 82 84 84 Alfalfa ha, 74 90 88 82 90 85 Wild hay 86 86 86 80 85 80 Pasture 75 82 85 83 88 83 Cherry production in Wisconsin is now forecast at 16,200 tons. If this forecast materializes the crop will be 40 percent larger than the small 1949 crop and 30 percent above average. Last year the late frost damaged the crop and greatly reduced production. United States Crops Crop production for the nation in 1950 is expected to be well below that of recent years. More than the usual acreage of cropland will remain idle this year. Acreages of important Weather Summ-cry, slay 1950) Station Duluth Spooner-. Park Falls_ Rhinelander Wausau - Marinette Escanaba-. Minneapolis Eas, Claire La Cr.,sse Hancock Oshkosh- Green Bay Manitowoc Dubuque. Madison Beloit . Milwaukee Average for 18 Stations ' Av, raVe I Te Degre, I i E 28 24 25 24 30 26 29 30 30 33 26 . S 32 33 34 34 33 28.9 mperature Precipitation es Fahrenheit inches I __ -_ .1 ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~4 72 45.8147.3 6.00 3.25 4-4.74 89 52.0 54.7 4.51 3.19 +4. 50 85 50 552.5 2.68 3.50 +1.26 83 51.2 52.7 3.60 3.18 +4.40 88 56.2 55.2 2.28 3.44 +2.69 80 52.2 55. 1 1.90 3.12 -0.68 70 49.0 49.6 1.67 2.93 +1.32 87 56. I57.7 2.87 3.67 +0.08 90 56.8 57.4 2.61 4.04 -0.21 85 59.0 59. 3 4.28 3.75 +3.17 92 56, 1 56.4 2.60 4.11 -0.25 92 56.0 56.4 1.37 3.52 --L.10 87 53.0 54.9 11.50 13.S2 +0.16 81 53.1 52.2 1.26 3.49 1 15 88 60.8 60.3 3.99 4.22 +1.29 89 58.0 57. 6 3.25 3.85 +0.94 9 2 60.6 58.5 . 3 54 90 53.7 52.6 2.04 3.35 0.38 85.6 54.4 55.0' 2.85' 3.540 1 22- __ El | s. ror 17 stI (rops have been reduced by diversion to fallow, pasture, new meadows, and less productive crops. In addition to the reduced acreage, progl-ess of the growing season is still r-eta-ded al- though significant recovely occurred dturing May. June I reports show that since the beginning of Mlay spriing-soxn grains in most areas made good progress although seeding was later than usual. Corn and soybeans progressed rapidly during the latter part of May and the development of these crops is about normal. Winter wheat prospects im- proved slightly with favoi-able con- ditions in most areas. Favorable weather in late May ani early June tended to correct deficiencies of sun- shine or rain, as the case might be, in most of the country. Milk Production Milk production on Wisconsin farms during May was between 4 and 5 per- cent below the record May milk pro- duction of last year. The peak in milk production occurred in May last year while it usually is in June. With 1,725.000,000 pounds of milk produced on Wisconsin farms last month, the May production was only slightly be- low May 1948 and it was more than 6 percent above the 10-year average for the month. United States Milk Production Milk production on farms in the nation in May was about I percent . Walter H. Ehling.
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