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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XIII ([covers January 1934/December 1934])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XIII, no. 12,   pp. [53]-56 PDF (2.2 MB)

Page [53]

Bureau of Agricultural Economics
Division of Agricultural Statistics
Federal-State Crop Reporting Service
WALTER H. EBLING, Agricultural Statistician
S. J. GILBERT. Assistant Agricultural Statistician  W. D. BORMUTH, Juinior
Vol. XIII, No. 12                  State Capitol, Madison, Wisconsin    
               December, 1934
THE FALL PIG CROP in Wisconsin
this year is estimated at 501,000 head,
a decrease of 38 percent from the fall
pig crop of 808,000 head a year ago and
a decline of 40 percent from the 1930-
33 average. This is the smallest fall
pig crop in a number of years and is
45 percent less than the largest fall
pig crop of the last five years, which
was in 1931. The number of sows
which farrowed this fall in the state
is estimated at 78,000 head as compared
with 125,000 last year and the 4-year
average of 128,000. Although the aver-
age size of litter this fall declined
slightly, being 6.4 pigs per litter as
compared to 6.5 a year ago, the decline
in the size of the pig crop this fall is
primarily a result of the decrease in
the number of sows farrowing.
The fall pig crop for the United
States this year is estimated at 15,-
432,000 head, which was by far the
smallest fall pig crop of any recent
year, being 37 percent less than the
small crop of 1930, and 48 percent less
than the fall pig crop of last year.
The estimated number of sows far-
rowed for the United States this fall is
2,643,000 head, only a little more than
one-half the number farrowing in the
fall of 1933 and 44 percent less than
the  1930-33  average. The    average
number of pigs per litter reported this
fall is 5.84 as compared with 5.91 a
year ago. The decline in the fall pig
crop this year, while influenced some-
what by the slightly smaller litter size,
is largely a result of the decrease in
the number of sows farrowing. In the
North Central or Corn Belt States the
fall pig crop of 9,661,000 head is even
smaller, as compared with the fall pig
crop of 1933, than is the case in either
Wisconsin or the United States, it be-
ing 55 percent less than last year. The
number of sows farrowing this fall in
the Corn Belt is estimated at 1,620,000
head as compared to 3,612,000 a year
ago and the 4-year average of 3,300,000
head. With the average number of
pigs per litter reported this fall being
practically identical with last year, the
decrease in the size of the pig crop in
the Corn Belt is a result of the decline
in the number of sows farrowing. The
estimated pig crops beginning with
1930 are shown in the accompanying
Fewver Sown Bred for Next Spring
The number of sows bred or to be
bred for next spring's farrowing are
now reported to be about 17 percent
less than a year ago for the United
States. If these intentions are carried
out the number of sows farrowing in
the spring of 1935 for the country as a
whole will be 5,356,000 head, which will
be the smallest number of sows far-
rowing in the spring during the cutr-
rent 6-year period shown in the table.
In the Corn Belt, as in the United
States, a decided decrease in spring
farrowings is indicated with the num-
ber of sows bred or to be bred for
spring litters in 1935 being 18 percent
less than in the spring of 1934. If
these intentions are carried out the
number of sows farrowing in the Corn
Belt will be 4,177,000 which as in the
United States is considerably less than
for any spring of the current 6-year
period. In  Wisconsin   intentions  to
breed indicate 188,000 sows for the
spring pig crop, or about 7 percent less
than the number estimated     for the
spring of 1934, which although to a less
degree, is in the same direction as the
change indicated for the Corn Belt and
for the United States as a whole.
In Wisconsin the fall pig crop was
favored by weather having few ex-
tretnes of temperature. The fall was
comparatively mild until late in Nov-
ember, and except for the eftect of the
we't weatlnir, which  prrobably ea used
some loss, there should have been little
loss of fall pigs as a result of xveather
conditions this year.
The feed supply ill Wiserorisill, when
ill crOps are consid rerd, is at all un-
usually low level. The supply of feed
grains, while less than usual, is not so
ulepleted compared to former years as
iLre the farm  stocks of holy. A large
acreage of corn has been harvested,
ruch of which has gone into silos, and
rlthrourgh the 1934 acreage was lrrger
than that of last year the yield per
acre of 31 bushels is 11 percent less
than the average yield of 1933 bring-
ing a crop now estimated at about 5
percent less than in 1933. With prices
of commercial f e e d s comparatively
high, farmers    are  conserving   feed
grain supplies in every possible way.
T his condition is reflected in the re-
dlucd size of the fall pig crop of this
year, and the decline in spring farrow-
ing intentions.
(004 omitted)
Sprinix            Fall
Sowe     Pigs     Sows     Pigs
Farrowed Saved    Farro ved Snved
1930     266    1,726     121      793
1931     285    1,872     141      916
1932     271    1,691     127      833
1933     255    1,637     125      s08
1934     209    1,327      78      501
1935    188     ----       ---     ---
(I2 North Central States)
1930   6,782   40,503    2,815  17,277
1931   7,:340  44,300    3,299  20,1 70
1932   6,916   39,885    3,474  21,443
1933   7,090   41,867    3,612  21,493
1934   5,117  30,160     1,620   9,661
1935   J1,177*  -----     ----   -----
1970   8,300  49 457     4,049  24,647
1931   8,913   53,662    4,721  28,7:39
1932   8,695   50 342    5,040  30,668
1933   8,877   52,089    5,020  29,668
1934   6,425   37,491    2,643   15,432
1935   5,B3a6e  _        ____    _____
Estimates based on intentions of
farmers as reported in the December
pig survey and subject to revision.
* Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan,
Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri,
North   Dakotni, South   Dakota,   Neb-
raska, Kansas.
The pig crop is estimated in June
tnd December from    reports maide by
farinfers in a nation-widle survey con-
lucted by the United States Depart-
enlt of Agriculture in cooperation with
ihe Ipost Oftic' Department. The cards
ire distributed through the rural mail
carriers, and in Wisconsin from 7,000
to 1i1,000 farmers cooplerate regularly
in, provx iding the informnation which is
Lltc(ld as a basis for these reports. With
the gr eatly reduced pig crop th' pros-
pects are for a much smnrallir supply
of pork   next year and    highsr hog
prices along With incrlasing prices of
all other livestock and livestock prod-
u.ts. leed prices wh1ich a   now high
are likely to be lowve r after the next
Fall Venther Favoroble
The autumn weather this year was
unusually favorable in Wisconsin. The
month of November averaged about
four degrees above normal in tempera-
ture and there was a great abundance
of moisture. The temperature fluctu-
ated within a narrow range and there
were no severely cold periods. In
southern Wisconsin the rainfall during
November was a record at most sta-
tions, and it averaged four or five times
normal at many points.
These weather conditions favored
grass growth until very late in the sea-
son, and grazing of livestock was con-
tinued until the snow came about the
last day of November. These conditions
also favored the fall development of
winter wheat and rye which went Into
the winter with excellent prospects.
The fall was also favorable to the
seedings of hay and pastures. New
seedings that survived the summer
went into the winter In fairly good
condition. In much of the state the
seedings were, of course, lost in the
early summer drought, but where they
lived through the summer the late rains
were helpful.
The snow cover over the entire state
came without much cold weather so
that there is little frost in the ground.
Unless extremely cold weather devel-
ops, it now appears that with the small
amount of frost under the snow any
melting is likely to add materially to
the already large supply of moisture in
the surface soil. The weather data as
usually summarized for the most im-
portant Wisconsin stations are shown
Wisconsin Weather Summary, November 1934
Temperature   Precpitation
Degree, Fahrenheit  Inches
Station  s   2         . i
Duluth   - 19 64 34.2 30.0 1.90 1.45 -5.75
Escanaba    23 56 37.4 33.1 5.66 2.13 - 2.93
Minneapolis_ 21 70 38.8 32.4 2.38 1.27 - 5.18
La Croe ----- 23  65  40.4 352  7.01 1.56  +  7.13
Green Blay._- 21 59 39.8 34.0 6.19 2.16 - 1.86
Dubuque  -- 25 65 43.3 37.0 8.63 1.70 + 2.05
Madison  _  26 61 41.6 35.2 7.86 1.78 - 3.13
Milwaukee.- ---  25  63  43.2 37.3  8.56 1 .77  -  0.56
7 he Fall Pig Crop
December Dairy Report
Egg Production
Cold Storage Holdings
Prices of Farm Products

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