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Cooperative Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop and Livestock Reporting Service (Wis.); Federal-State Crop Reporting Service (Wis.) / Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter
Vol. XIII ([covers January 1934/December 1934])

Wisconsin crop and livestock reporter. Vol. XIII, no. 10,   pp. [41]-48 PDF (3.9 MB)


Page [41]


STATE DOCI
WIS. LEG. REF.
WISCONSIN
CROP AND LIVESTOCK REPORTER
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE                   WISCONSIN DEPARTMENT
OF AGRICULTURE & MARKET
Bureau of Agricultural Economics                               Division of
Agricultural Statistics
Federal-State Crop Reporting Service
WALTER H. EBLING, Agricultural Statistician
S. .1. GIISJ3ERT. Assistant Agricultural Statistician  WV. D. ti0)I1MIrTTH,
Jutior Statistician
Vol. XIII, No. 10               State Capitol, Madison, Wisconsin       
         October, 193
EXCEPTIONALLY favorable growing
weather during September and the
first half of October has brought fur-
ther improvement in the Wisconsin
crop situation. September rainfall av-
eraged above normal In most parts of
the state and the temperatures aver-
aged a little below normal. This cool.
moist weather was helpful In the de-
velopment of such crops as late pota-
toes, late corn, some of the emergency
hay crops, pasture, and some of the
truck crops. Feed supplies increased
during the past month, and with the
improved situation in fall pastures it
now appears that unless the weather
becomes unusually severe somewhat
less barn feeding than usual will be
required during the fall months. This
will help to conserve the scant sup-
plies of feed and maintain milk produc-
tion. The fact that no serious frosts
have been reported in the state since
late in August has been a substantial
help in the feed situation.
The October estimates show some-
what more grain than was indicated
earlier and further reduction in the
supplies of tame hay and corn. It is
clear that the oats and barley crops
are yielding higher than was indicated
earlier. The oats yield is now placed
at 29 bushels per acre which btrings
the production nearly 5 percent above
the poor crop of last year but still
over 20 percent under average. The
i)arley yield is now estimated at 26
bushels which brings the state's pro-
duction estimate over 8 percent above
the small crop of last year. but it s
still nearly 10 percent under the 5-
year average. The quality of these
grains is relatively good in most coun-
ties.
While corn Is a good crop ln most
counties the yields are in many case.
not coming up to earlier expectationss
The ears are somewhat shorter thas
expected, particularly in areas whir.
the rainfall was inadequate. Immense
quantities of corn are being saved as
silage, there being an unusual number
of temporary silos built in the state
this year. It addition more corn has
been put into shocks than usual,
though the rains during September
caused some weathering of shocked
fodder.
The hay crop in Wisconsin is the
smallest since 1910 and the current es-
timate of all tame hay production for
Wisconsin is only 2,732,000 tons or 54
percent of the 5-year average. Soms
of the emergency hay crops harvested
during September were considerably
damaged by the wet weather. i)uring
the first half of October, however, har-
vest conditions have been good and
considerable amounts of soy beans anil
other late hay have been harvested un-
der conditions which assured good
quality.
Potato Crop Incereasedl
The most remarkable improvement
during the past month was made by
the potato crop. In the absence tf
September and early October frosts the
yields of late potatoes were greatly in-
creased, and the state's productioi is
now estiniated at 28.896,000 bushels
which Is over 72 percent above the
small crop of last year and over 22
percent above the state's 5-year aver-
age. This crop places the state second
in the production of potatoes this year
where ordinarily Wisconsin ranks fifth.
IThe Wisconsin potato crop this year is
the largest since 1928. In addition to
large production the quality, particu-
larly in the lighter soil areas of the
main potato counties, is much better
than usual. The crop should store asd
keep well, and because of the relativel!
good quality shipments to market w'ill
be large.
Other cash crops such as cabbage.
sugar beets, and peas for canning :re
making relatively large prodllction. The
toiacco crop because of a marked re-
Wisconsin Weather Summary, September 1934
Station
Duluth.--
Escanaba__
Minneapolis -
La Crosse  _
Green Bay...
Dubuque-
Madison
Milwaukee   -
Temperature
).gree. Fahresheit
31   70 52 .7 55.1
32   70 54 5 57 .1
33   86 57.2 61 .4
35   84 59 4 62.4
37   84 59 1 60.4
38   86 61.9 64.0
37   84 60 6 62 4
42   85 61 3 62.1
Precipitation
Inches
E    E   E *
3.10 3.31   8.06
2.93 3.32    5.10
4.86 3.13   9.85
9.04 3.99 + 1.62
1.91 3.52   4.95
6.54 4.01    3.60
4.25 3.72   9.05
4.3313.291  7.28
luction in acreage is a very snoutll eif,
anod some of the fruit crops arce als..
making lowg production this ye ar.
United Staten Cropi15
Crops in the United States duriog th))
past month did not show as mutich ill-
plrovement as was recorded it) Wii'sic-
sin. The corn crop declined furtherl
aind is now  estimated at 1,417,000tflt is
bushels which is only 56 percent of the
5-yi ar avierauge production. Ti'e  not-
tion's potato crop made it shatrp rt  i-
vance particularly in the stit is fris
Wisconsin etsstward, and it is nosv esti-
mated at 362 million bushels which is
.about 1 million bushels under th   5-
year average. Grain crops for the ia-
tion are exceedingly short, wheat beim
the smallest crop since 1893. The fe(
situation generally is one of low sul
plies, and extensive marketings
livestock have already been made ar
more are in prospect. Fruit alnd truo
crops for the nation as a whole see
to be in fairly good supply.
The Potato Situation
With favorable September and ear
October weather the potato erop in 11
states  from  Wisconsin  e a s t w a
showed considerable improvement du
ing the- past month. The estimate
October 1 was 25 million bushels high
than on September 1. Digging w
generally late b e c a is S e of delay
frosts. Wet weather caused some di
ficulty particularly in some of the eat
ern states where rot has been report
at various times. In Wisconsin in spi
of the late growing season and lar
production there seems to be very I
tile disease damage, and the crop is
coming through with a quality that is
much above average. The nation's pro-
duction    is  now   estimated    as about 1
percent under the       5-year average      and
about 13 percent under the small crop
of last year. The production for the
leading states as estimated on October
1 is shown in the following table:
1934 POTATO PRODUCTION WITH COMPARISONS
(1,000 bushels)
Estimated            S-year
this year, Last year,  average
1934     1933      1927-31
Maine                   53.865   42 000    43 208
Wisconsin               28 896    16,730   23 553
New York                28.840   24.600    25.386
Michigan-               28,350   20,670    21 511
Pennsylvania            27 .985  21 357    22 764
Minnesota               23,380   22,712    30 400
Idaho -- - -            19,610   21.850    21.388
Virginia-      -        13.803    8,649    15.989
North Carolina          10 324     7,315    7 573
Ohio _                  10,070    8.064    10.615
California               8,610    7.920     7,593
New Jersey -----------   8 .448   7 216     7 081
Other states   --   -  100 0210  111 270  128,495
United States total  362,391   320,353  365,556
181g  lro     e ss ti on
The productiion of eggs in Wisconsin
is of atohut October 1        wvas apparently
a bout 6 p .rc, n t less than     a year ear-
lie l  Is a result of declines of about .
percent in hot I the egg laying rate and
ill the noinsto     of birds of laying      age.
The daily cgg      production    per farm     oi
EGG PRODUCTION
Wisconsin
Hens and pullets per
farm ---    --
Eggs per farm  -
Eggs per 100 hens
and pullets
United States
Hens and pullets
per farm     -
Eggs per farm
Eggs per 100 hens
and pullets
Oct. I
Oct. 1  1934 as
Oct. I   Oct. 1  1927-31 a , of
1934     1933     .T.     1933
78.9
19 .3
24 .4
64.8
15.8
24.3
81 .7
20.5
25.1
68.0
15.7
23.5
76.2
19.6
25.7
72.8
18.1
25.1
96.6
94.1
97.2
95.3
100 .6
103.4
the first of the month was about 19
which was the lowest for that date
since 1929 and w1as a decline from Sep-
termber 1 of 34 lercent as compared to
IN THIS ISSUE
October Crop Report
October Dairy Report
1933 Dairy Manufactures
Egg Production
Prices Wisconsin Farmers
Pay
Prices of Farm Products
Wages of Farm Labor
- - - -


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