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Galpin, Charles J.; Cox, Alonzo B. (ed.) / Rural, social and economic problems of the United States
Bulletin No. 3 (June 1919)

The South,   pp. 7-10 PDF (1.2 MB)


Page 7


No. III-7
Race Problems. "In some communities we have the problem of
foreigners who take up the land and by living with low standards
and working harder, or both, prosper. In some communities they
do not assimilate with the people there." "Influx of unsocial races
into rural communities do not leave enough for social and other
community activities."
RuraZ Police. "Every state should have police protection in the
country. The common practice in small towns of avoiding expense
by allowing petty criminals and hoboes to go free if they will leave
town often results in sending them to the country."
Rural Housing and Satitationm "The problem of rural health
due to isolation and lack of medical supervision." "The desire
to
be able to obtain medical service is a powerful factor leading middle-
aged farmers to take their families to town." "The problems of
better rural homes." The improvement of home grounds on the
farm and in the village."
Better Business and Leadership. "Increase the farmers' profits
by better business methods and improved social conditions, houses,
schools, etc. will follow." "The greatest need is competent leader-
ship that will intelligently direct these growing movements....
Such leadership must come from among the farmers themselves."
"The fundamental problem in agriculture is to make and keep con-
ditions of farm life such that a fair proportion of the intelligent
and able citizens of the nation will continue to live on farms."
THE SOUTH
Tenancy and Other Land Problems. "No man should be per-
mitted to own more land than he and his family could put to actual
use for home and productive purposes." "Farm Tenantry." "The
problem of farm tenantry."  "A constructive plan instituted by
the government of the state to enable the tenant to buy a farm."
"The tenants in this section are mostly colored and their condition
is far from ideal." "The rural social and economic problems are:
poor tenant farmers, poor farm management, lack of organization,
lack of marketing facilities, lack of leadership, poor roads, poor
school houses, schools, and churches." "One of our chief problems
and one that is growing is the tenant problem. It is not only in-
fluencing our educational conditions but our agriculture. It is
practically impossible to get a program of crop production that
will involve the tenant occupying the land more than one year."
"The maintenance of soil fertility is one of our difficult problems."
Credit. "Money issued by the Federal Government to the peo-
ple at cost of administration, and in sufficient volume to supply the
legitimate need of every citizen." "Farm credit especially through
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