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Washburn, F. E. (ed.) / The Wisconsin engineer
Vol. 5, No. 2 (May 1901)

Fox, Henry
Notes on cements and cement testing,   pp. 150-170

Page 150

1 5               Theic Wisconsin Engineer.
differences, however, which the most casual observer cannot but
notice, and these the writer gives without comment:
  First-A much better preparatory training than we find in
  Secon(l-The slow, methodical character of the German student,
with an entire absence of our impatience in arriving at results,
making a longer and perhaps more thorough treatment possible.
  Third-A much more mathematical treatment of engineering
subjects, and
  Fourth-A much closer relation between faculty and the stu-
lent body than in America.
  The European countries are most liberal so far as education
goes, and many of their best thinkers have devoted themselves
to the solution of the educational problem, and the writer feels
that whatever the faults of the European system, when one con-
siders the manv celebrated names among the graduates of Euro-
pean schools one cannot but feel that the European system at least
nee(ls no apology.
  The enormous impulse given to the cement industry during the
past few years in every part of the world finds its origin primarily
in the fact that concrete masonry has been universally adopted
to replace all classes of stone masonry in the construction of
engineering works such as sidewalks, pavements, foundations,
bridge abutments, piers, retaining walls, fire proof buildings,
sewers, arch culverts, tunnels, fortifications and harbor-work.
This transformation has taken place gradually, so th-at it is now
generally conceded that concrete masonry can be easily substi-
tuted for stone masonry with the ultimate object of securing a
material reduction in the cost of the work as well as saving much
valuable time expended in erecting the structure, and when proper
care is employed in the manufacture and inspection of the cement
used in the concrete the durability, permanence and strength of
the structure are absolutely assured.
   It may be said that portland cement is practically the result

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