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Leslie, C.E.; Randall. R.H. (ed.) / The conqueror
(c1880)

Elementary and theoretical studies,   pp. [3]-10


Page 4

ELEMENTARY AND THEORETICAL STUDIES.
Double and Triple Time has one accent placed on the first part of
the measure. Quadruple, two, placed on the first and third parts.
Sextuple, wo, placed on the first and fourth parts of the measure.
DIATONIC SCALE.
Figure&  1  2  3   4  5   6  7   8  7   6   5   4   3  2   1
Lettems C  D   E   F  G   A  B   C  B   A   G   F  E   D   C
SyUablle. Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Si Do Si La Sol Fa Mi Re Do
Pronoumd.Doe Ray Mee Fah Sole Lah See Doe See Lah Sole Fah Mee Ray Doe
The Clefs are used to locate the letters on the staff, and to indicate
the parts that the different voices are to sing. There are three
Clefs:
G, or Treble Clef,     used as the sign of the Soprano and Alto,
, or Tenor Clef,      used as the sign of the Tenor.
F, or Base Clef,  5     used as the sign of the Base.
Usually, when each part is written on a staff by itself, the Base is
the lowest part, the Soprano next above the Base, the Alto next, and
the Tenor at the top. Sometimes the Alto is written below the
Soprano, on the same staff, and frequently the Tenor is written above
the Bass on the same staff.
The following scale shows the position of the letters with G and
C Clefs:
rf"
A  B   C  D   E  F  G   A  B   C  D   E  F  G   A
The following scale shows the position of the letters with the Base
Clef:
G    A   B    C   D    E   F    G    A   B    C
A # (Sharp) placed before a note elevates or raises it a half step.
A X (Double Sharp) is used to sharp a note that has already been
sharped.
A 0 (Flat) placed before a note depresses or lowers it a half step.
A O1 (Double Flat) is used to flat a note that has already been
flatted.
The # (Natural) (called by some a cancel) is used to cancel the
effect of a sharp or flat.
The number of sharps or flats placed at the beginning of a piece
of music is called the SIGNATURE, and shows the key or scale in
which the piece is written.
I


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