Woodbury, I. B. (Issac Baker), 1819-1858 (ed.) / The new lute of Zion: a collection of sacred music, designed for the use of congregations generally, but more especially the Methodist Episcopal Church
The music teacher, pp. [III]-XXXVIII
T 1E Al MUS I C TEACHEIL enable one to dc- lhe key or mode ossible to decide L dge of modula- tre, founded on any letter, the order of I two to three, major seconds; three to six, six to seven, major seconds; and s named after the letter on which one is C, it is called the scale of C ; if on D, E, &e. When a piece of music com- other keys may be introduced in the Adentals), the signature is said to be na- to flats or sharps used at the commence- has flats or sharps placed at the com- ed. The signature (or number of flats nent of a piece of music will decide the in transposing the scale, that the same Q, must be preserved; i. e. from three minor seconds, and all the rest major )osition of the scale by fifths, G becomes E IN THE KEv or G, I.PERFECT. I erfect Perfect Perfect. Perfect. Imperfect t ol . eoC. taD. D . E t. o J Mi.F. Maj sec- Mini. see. IMaj. sec. IMaj. sec. IMin. sec. Imperfect. F o '.. Maj. sec. L .. 8 5 6 '1 8 Sol Ia si do re mi fa sol. G A B C D E F G. Do ro mi fa Sol a si do. - For extended Ilustrations and instructions in Modulation, see Woodbury's "Self-Instructor in Musical Composition a- d Thorough Base.- The preeeoung example is not, strictly speaking, in the key of G, although' we take G as one. When F sharp is introduced , then, and then only, the transposition takes place; thus, NO. 2.-SCALE IN THE KEY or G, PERFECT. Perfect. Perfect. Perfect Perfect. Perfect, Perfect. Perfect. GtoA...t. l C. Con t.Ft $ toG. Maj. sec. Miaj. see. IMin. see. fMaj. sec. IMaj. sec. Maj. sec. in. see. -~li t 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Sol la si do re mi fa Sol. G A B C D E FS G. Do re mi fa Sol la bi do. T'le same method is followed in all the transpositions by sharps; viz.; the fifth above or the fourth below is taken as one of a new key, in every succeeding transposition, and an additional sharp will be required also in every succeeding transposition. REMARK.-In the above example, it will be observed that we have not only placed the syllables transposed, but retained their original position as in the scale of C. Eight or ten years' experience has proved to us, that, generally speaking, more can be learned by classes, if the syllables are not changed * REMAL-We are aware that this will not meet with the approbation of all of our teachers, but those who have given it a fair trial, will fully indorse the above. Here we would also enter our protest against the change of the vowel sounds of the syllables, where an accidental is introduced. It brings a long train of evils that requires months of labor to eradicate. One reason why our choirs, and even select societies, almost always fail on the accidentals, is owing to the habit of changing the syllables and their vowel sounds. The system of changing the syllables is not known in the beat schools of Europe; and we predict that, ere many years pass away, the elements of the art in this country will throw off these trammels, and find itself free to soar on, in its glorious mission to fallen man. QczSrTIOSS -What do you understand by the transposition of thc scale? An*. When any other letter besides C is taken as one of a new scale, and accidentais are introduced. When is the Scale said to be in its natural position? What letter is used to designate the natural key 1 What is the signature to C ? In transposing the scale what order of intervals should always be preserved' What is the first transposition? A To G, the fifth of C. What is the signature to G? If F isnot sharped, how many intervals would be wrong 1 What would be the interval from six to seven without the F#? What should it be, &c. ? QUESTiON ON EACH TUE SOMETHINO AS FOLLOWS:-What is the signatureI Ans. One sharV * We think classes in general are too much confined to the syllables. The practice of them, to some extent, is desirable and even necessary: but we would not use them one moment longer than is necesary, but aubsitute the words as soon as the progress of the class will allow. The sytjao L t ; h iIe vowels may also be used much mere gthan is custemary..
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