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Woodbury, I. B. (Issac Baker), 1819-1858 (ed.) / The new lute of Zion: a collection of sacred music, designed for the use of congregations generally, but more especially the Methodist Episcopal Church
(c1856)

The music teacher,   pp. [III]-XXXVIII


Page XIII

THE  'U'LO TEAC 
LOUD AND SOFT TONES, OR EXPRESSION. 
A tone produced by no unusual vocal exertien, is a medium or middZe 
tone; it is marked m-called mezzo. 
A tone produced by some vocal restraint, is a soft tone; it is markedp 
-called piano. 
A tone produced by considerable vocal exertion, is a loud tone; it is 
marked f-called forte.                                             I 
A tone produced by the greatest vocal restraint, i3 mnarked pp--called 
pianissimo. 
A tone produced by the greatest vocal exertion, but not so loud as to 
injure the quality, is marked f--calledfortissimo. 
A modification of forte and piano, is markedfp. Of mezzo and piano, 
mp. Of mezzo and forte, mf, &e. 
When an unawented note is connected with the following accented note, 
it is said to be SYNCOPATED. 
No. 1, 
Join now with me in this mel- o -' dy,   Sing with firm accent, and slur
the notes. 
A TIE ( --.) connects notes on the same degree, which are performed as 
one See Exercise above. 
A tone begun, continued, and ended with the same power, is called an 
ORGAN TONE (         ). 
A tone begun soft, and gradually increased in power, is called a CRES- 
CENDO (Cres. or -). 
An inversion of the crescendo is called a DIMINUENDO (Dim. or ) 
A union of the crescendo and diminuendo, is called a SWELL (-z===--). 
A sudden swell is called a PRESSURE TONE (-z or -< :>). 
A very short tone, produced with force, and immediately diminished, is 
called an EXPLOSIVE TONE; sometimesforzando or sforzando (8f.fz., or::).
STACCATO mark thus ( t i  ) denote that the passage is to be performed 
in a short, distinct manner. 
No. 2.-ExPLoSIvE ToNE AND STACCATO. 
I  T 
I t I I 
L/       - " 
NO. J,--AFTER NOTE. 
WRITTEN. 
The SHAKE (w) consists of a rapi 
be much cultivated by those who w 
of voice." 
For more extended instructions on the Graces of Vocal 
ir of tMe Voice," by 1. B. Woodbury 
?-        -    I ,   -, ---   I  ,  .   ,,s.,:;,  I  ;; 
l~~   ~~~ II Id I  !   t  !. ,- -  t 
4W _,0L 


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