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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume III: Books XII-XV

Book XV,   pp. 1062-1122

Page 1120

great a number of candles as there are days in a year. And 
Hermippus the comic poet, in his Jambics, speaks of- 
A military candlestick well put together. 
And, in his play called The Grooms, he says- 
Here, lamp (vxvV[toz), show me my road on the right hand. 
Now, vravok was a name given to wood cut into splinters and 
bound together, which they used for a torch: Menander, in 
his Cousins, says- 
He enter'd, and cried out, 
"Ilav'hy, xxvyOv, xVxYGUxOV, any light-" 
Making one into many. 
And Diphilus, in his Soldier, says- 
But now this 7rac3s is quite full of water. 
And before them   Eschylus, in his Agamemnon, had used the 
word 2ravo(&- 
*       *       *       *       *  .1 
61. Alexis, too, uses the word 4vXoXvXvoVXov, and perhaps 
this is the same thing as that which is called by Theopompus 
o/3EXLG-KoXVXVtov. But Philyllius calls Xatra-es, 8a8eg. BBut the 
2vXvos% or candle, is not an ancient invention; for the ancients 
used the light of torches and other things made of wood. 
Phrynichus, however, says- 
Put out the XVxvoz', 
.        A*       *        *        * 
Plato too, in his Long Night, says- 
And then upon the top he'll have a candle, 
Bright with two wicks. 
And these candles with two wicks are mentioned also by Me- 
tagenes, in his Man fond of Sacrificing; and by Philonides in 
his Buskins. But Clitarchus, in his Dictionary, says that 
the Rhodians give the name of Xoov's to a torch made of the 
bark of the vine. But Homer calls torches e'rcda- 
The darts fly round him from an hundred hands, 
And the red terrors of the blazing brands (8ETalk), 
Till late, reluctant, at the dawn of day, 
Sour he departs, and quits th' untasted prey.2 
1 There is a hiatus here in the text of Athenneus, but he refers to 
Ag. 284,- 
"eyaY B' ravdv 'IC V/4Mov TrptToV 
&0woy aidros Zrn'os 4eIVa-o, 
where Clytwmnestra is speaking of the beacon fires, which had conveyed 
to her the intelligence of the fall of Troy. 
2 Iliad, tvii. 663. 
[B. XCV. 

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