Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume III: Books XII-XV
Book XV, pp. 1062-1122
and urging that Neanthes used this word in the first book of his History of Attalus. Others, again, of the party made use of whatever other words they fancied; so that there was no ordinary noise; while all were vying with one another in adducing every sort of argument which bore upon the ques- tion. For one man said that Silenus, the dictionary-maker, mentioned that the Athenians call lamps favol. But Tima- chidas of Rhodes asserts that for /avo', the word more pro- perly used is EAE'rpov, being a sort of lantern which young men use when out at night, and which they themselves call 'Xavat. But Amerias for Oavos uses the word ypaf/tov. And this word is thus explained by Seleucus :-" r paltov is a stick of ilex or common oak, which, being pounded and split, is set on fire, and used to give light to travellers. Accordingly Theodoridas of Syracuse, in his Centaurs, which is a dithy- rambic poem, says- The pitch dropp'd down beneath the ypc3La, As if from torches. Strattis also, mentions the ypacl3a in his Phcenician Women." 58. But that what are now called favo' used to be called XvXvouvXo, we learn from Aristophanes, in his ZEolosicon-' I see the light shining all o'er his cloak, As from a new XvoXVoVes. And, in the second edition of the Niobus, having already used the word XvXvovxos, he writes- Alas, unhappy man! my 7xovxov's lost; after which, he adds- And, in his play called The Dramas, he calls the same thing \vXv18tov, in the following lines- But you all lie Fast as a candle in a candlestick (kXvxvtltoz). Plato also, in his Long Night, says- The undertakers sure will have Avyvs6Xoi. And Pherecrates, in his Slave Teacher, writes- Make haste and go, for now the night descends, And bring a lantern (AvXvoeXoe) with a candle furnishd. Alexis too, in his Forbidden Thing, says- So taking out the candle from the lantern (XvLeoy), Hle very nearly set himself on fire, Carrying the light beneath his arm much nearer His clothes than any need at all required. 1113 THE DEIPNOSOPHISTS., [B. :XV.
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