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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume III: Books XII-XV

Book XV,   pp. 1062-1122


Page 1117

1117 
PARODIES. 
56. " Hermippus also, the poet of the old Comedy, composed 
parodies. But the first writer of this kind who ever de- 
scended into the arena of theatrical contests was Hegemon, 
and he gained the prize at Athens for several parodies; and 
amnong them, for his Battle of the Giants. He also wrote a 
comedy in the ancient fashion, which is called Philinna. 
Eubcwus also was a man who exhibited a good deal of wit in 
his poems; as, for instance, speaking about the Battle of the 
Baths, he said- 
They one another smote with brazen -/YXELipGL, 
[as if E'y-Xca, instead of meaning a spear, were derived from 
vxe', to pour in.] And speaking of a barber who was being 
abused by a potter on account of some woman, he said- 
But seize not, valiant barber, on this prize, 
Nor thou Achilles. .  .  .. .   1 
And that these men were held in high estimation among the 
Sicilians, we learn from Alexander the Itolian, a composer 
of tragedies, who, in an elegy, speaks as follows: 
The man whom fierce Agathocles did drive 
An exile from his land, was nobly born 
Of an old line of famous ancestors, 
And from his early youth he lived among 
The foreign visitors; and thoroughly learnt 
The dulcet music of Mimnermus' lyre, 
And follow'd his example;-and he wrote, 
In imitation of great Homer's verse, 
The deeds of cobblers, and base shameless thieves, 
Jesting with highly-praised felicity, 
Loved by the citizens of fair Syracuse. 
But he who once has heard Bceotus' song, 
Will find but little pleasure in Eubmeus." 
57. After all this discussion had been entered into on 
many occasions, once when evening overtook us, one of us 
said,-Boy, bring a light (Xi'vetov). But some one else used the 
word XvxvEs, and a third called it Xocvtas3, saying that that 
was the proper name for a torch made of bark; another called 
it -ravo1; and another   cavo's.- This one used the word 
XvvXoo, and that one XvXvog. Some one else again said AXaV7, 
and another said EXavat, insisting on it that that was the 
proper name for a lamp, being derived frome ('o, brightness; 
This is a parody on Iliad, i. 275,- 
'IME ed TiVl' &'yaeos 7rEp a', curoaupeo Ko~pq, 
where Eubeeus changes KOcipnv, maiden, into {rovpeC, barber. 


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