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Athenaeus of Naucratis / The deipnosophists, or, Banquet of the learned of Athenæus
volume III (1854)

Book XV,   pp. 1062-1122


Page 1081

because of your tongue (yXdcro-a), I will mention the Vt7o- 
7yAcTTtqs, which Plato speaks of in his Jupiter Ill-treated- 
But you wear leather tongues within your shoes, 
And crown yourselves with Z~roYAWrTTri&Es, 
Whenever you're engaged in drinking parties. 
And when you sacrifice you speak only words 
Of happy omen. 
And Theodorus, in his Attic Words, as Pamphilus says in his 
treatise on Names, says, that the v3royXwiTT'ri is a species of 
plaited crown. Take this then from me; for, asEuripides says, 
'Tis no hard work to argue on either side, 
If a man's only an adept at speaking. 
20. There is the Isthmiacum also, and there was a kind of 
crown bearing this name, which Aristophanes has thought 
worthy of mention in his Fryers, where he speaks thus- 
What then are we to do ? We should have taken 
A white cloak each of us; and then entwining 
Isthmiaca on our brows, like choruses, 
Come let us sing the eulogy of our master. 
But Silenus, in his Dialects, says, " The Isthmian garland." 
And Philetas says, ":-rE'avos.  There is an ambiguity here 
as to whether it refers to the head or to the main world.' We 
also use the word 1'o-Otov, as applied to a well, or to a dagger." 
But Timachidas and Simmias, who are both Rhodians, explain 
one word by the other.   They say, 'Co-utov, -Trrc/avov: and 
this word is also mentioned by Callixenus, who is himself 
also a Rhodian, in his History of Alexandria, where he writes 
as follows- 
;21. But since I have mentioned Alexandria, I know that 
in that beautiful city there is a garland called the garland of 
Antinous, which is made of the lotus, which grows in those 
parts. And this lotus grows in the marshes in the summer 
season; and it bears flowers of two colours; one like that of 
the rose, and it is the garlands woven of the flowers of this 
colour which are properly called the garlands of Antinous; 
but the other kind is called the lotus garland, being of a 
dark colour. And a man of the name of Pancrates, a native 
poet, with whom we ourselves were acquainted, made a great 
parade of showing a rose-co'oured lotus to Adrian the 
emperor, when he was staying at Alexandria, saying? that 
1 Schweighauser confesses himself unable to guess what is meant by 
these words. 
108-l 
GA:RLANDS. 


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