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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume III: Books XII-XV

Book XIV,   pp. 978-1062

Page 1060

<out of a corrected edition of a play which is entitled De- 
Take, then, this meat which thus is sent to you; 
Dress it, and feast, and drink the cheerful healths, 
But the Athenians use the verb XA'oytat for wanton and 
unseemly indulgence of the sensual appetites. 
84. And Artemidorus, in his Dictionary of Cookery, ex- 
plains Ia1rt'-q as a common name for all kinds of costly 
seasonings; writing thus- "T1here is also a bVXTTVI; (he uses 
the word in the masculine gender) made of birds. Let the 
bird be killed by thrusting a knife into the head at the 
mouth; then let it be kept till the next day, like a partridge. 
And if you choose, you can leave it as it is, the wings on 
and with its body plucked." Then, having explained the 
way in which it is to be seasoned and boiled, he proceeds 
to say-" Boil a fat hen of the common poultry kind, and 
some young cocks just beginning to crow, if you wish to 
make a dish fit to be eaten with your wine. Then taking 
some vegetables, put them in a dish, and place upon them 
some of the meat of the fowl, and serve it up. But in sum- 
mer, instead of vinegar, put some unripe grapes into the 
sauce, just as they are picked from the vine; and when it is 
all boiled, then take it out before the stones fall from the 
grapes, and shred in some vegetables. And this is the most 
delicious kaTT' s that there is." 
Now, that jarTi'j, or kaTT-VqS, really is a common name for 
all costly dishes is plain; and that the same name was also 
given to a banquet composed of dishes of this sort, we gather 
from what Philemon says in his Man carried off 
Put now a guard on me, while naked, and 
Amid my cups the uaTTrOs shall delight me. 
And in his Homicide he says- 
Let some one pour us now some wine to drink, 
And make some 1Aa'rrtin quick. 
But Alexis, in his Pyraunus, has used the word in an obscure 
But when I found them all immersed in business, 
I cried,-Will no one give us now a JlarTrTVi l 
as if he meant a feast here, though you might fairly refer the 
word merely to a single dish. Now Machon the Sicyonian is 
oone of the comic poets who were contemporaries of Apol- 
lodorus of Carystus, but he did not exhibit his comedies at 
[B. XHIV. 
1 060 

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