Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume III: Books XII-XV
Book XIII, pp. 888-978
of Pasiphila.1 And Archilochus mentions her in the follow- ing lines As a fig-tree planted on a lofty rock Feeds many crows and jaclkdaws, so Pasiphila's A willing entertainer of all strangers. That Menander the poet was a lover of Glycera, is notorious to everybody; but still he was not well pleased with her. For when Philemon was in love with a courtesan, and in one of his plays called her " Excellent," Menander, in one of his plays, said, in contradiction to this, that there was no cour- tesan who was good. 67. And Harpalus the Macedonian, who robbed Alexander of vast sums of money and then fled to Athens, being in love with. Pythionica, spent an immense deal of money on her; and she was a courtesan. And when she died he erected a. monument to her which cost him many talents. And as he was carrying her out to burial, as Posidonius tells us in the twenty-second book of his History, he had the body accom- panied with a band of the most eminent artists of all kinds, and with all sorts of musical instruments and songs. And Dicoearchus, in his Essay on the Descent to the Cave of Tro- phonius, says,-" And that same sort of thing may happen to any one who goes to the city of the Athenians, and who pro- ceeds by the road leading from Eleusis, which is called the Sacred Road; for, if he stops at that point from which he first gets a sight of Athens, and of the temple, and of the citadel, he will see a tomb built bv the wayside, of such a size that there is none other near which can be compared with it for magnitude. And at first, as would be natural, he would pronounce it to be the tomb, beyond all question, of Miltiades, or Cimon, or Pericles, or of some other of the great men of Athens. And above all, he would feel sure that it had been erected by the city at the public expense; or at all events by some public decree; and then, again, when he heard it was the tomb of Pythionica the courtesan, what must be his feelings ?" . And Theopompus also, in his letter to Alexander, speaking reproachfully of the profligacy of Harpalus, says,-" But just consider and listen to the truth, as you may hear from the people of Babylon, as to the manner in which he treated Py- thionica when she was dead; who was originally the slave of 1 The universal Friend. 949 COURTESANS.
This material may be protected by copyright law (e.g., Title 17, US Code). For information on re-use see: http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/Copyright