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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume III: Books XII-XV

Book XIII,   pp. 888-978


Page 949

of Pasiphila.1  And Archilochus mentions her in the follow- 
ing lines 
As a fig-tree planted on a lofty rock 
Feeds many crows and jaclkdaws, so Pasiphila's 
A willing entertainer of all strangers. 
That Menander the poet was a lover of Glycera, is notorious 
to everybody; but still he was not well pleased with her. For 
when Philemon was in love with a courtesan, and in one of 
his plays called her " Excellent," Menander, in one of his 
plays, said, in contradiction to this, that there was no cour- 
tesan who was good. 
67. And Harpalus the Macedonian, who robbed Alexander 
of vast sums of money and then fled to Athens, being in love 
with. Pythionica, spent an immense deal of money on her; 
and she was a courtesan. And when she died he erected 
a. monument to her which cost him many talents. And as he 
was carrying her out to burial, as Posidonius tells us in the 
twenty-second book of his History, he had the body accom- 
panied with a band of the most eminent artists of all kinds, 
and with all sorts of musical instruments and songs. And 
Dicoearchus, in his Essay on the Descent to the Cave of Tro- 
phonius, says,-" And that same sort of thing may happen to 
any one who goes to the city of the Athenians, and who pro- 
ceeds by the road leading from Eleusis, which is called the 
Sacred Road; for, if he stops at that point from which he 
first gets a sight of Athens, and of the temple, and of the 
citadel, he will see a tomb built bv the wayside, of such a 
size that there is none other near which can be compared 
with it for magnitude. And at first, as would be natural, 
he would pronounce it to be the tomb, beyond all question, of 
Miltiades, or Cimon, or Pericles, or of some other of the great 
men of Athens. And above all, he would feel sure that it had 
been erected by the city at the public expense; or at all 
events by some public decree; and then, again, when he 
heard it was the tomb of Pythionica the courtesan, what 
must be his feelings ?" 
. And Theopompus also, in his letter to Alexander, speaking 
reproachfully of the profligacy of Harpalus, says,-" But just 
consider and listen to the truth, as you may hear from the 
people of Babylon, as to the manner in which he treated Py- 
thionica when she was dead; who was originally the slave of 
1 The universal Friend. 
949 
COURTESANS. 


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