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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume I: Books I-VII

Book V,   pp. 287-352

Page 324

phus, their son, was crowned with twenty golden crowns, two 
of them on golden chariots, and one six cubits high on a pillar, 
and ftve five cubits high, and six four cubits high." 
36. Now my friends and fellow-banqueters, what kingdom 
ever possessed such quantities of gold as this  For Egypt 
did not acquire all this by taking money from the Persians 
and from Babylon, or by working mines, or by having a river 
Pactolus, bearing down gold-dust in its waters. - For its only 
river is that which can really be called the Golden Stream - 
the Nile, which together with its boundless supplies of food 
does bring down gold without alloy, which is dug up out of 
the soil without danger, in quantities sufficient for all men, 
diffused over the whole soil like the gifts of Triptolemus. 
On which account the Byzantine poet, who had the name of 
Parmeno given to him, says- 
0 god of Egypt, mighty Nile. 
But king Philadelphus surpassed most kings in riches; and 
he pursued every kind of manufacturing and trading art so 
zealously, that he also surpassed every one in the number of 
his ships. Now the largest ships which he had were these:- 
two of thirty banks of oars, one of twenty, four of thirteen, 
two of twelve, fourteen of eleven, thirty of nine, thirty-seven 
of seven, five of six, seventeen of five. And from quadriremes 
down to light half-decked triremes, for purposes of war, he 
had twice as many as all these put together. And the vessels 
which were sent to the different islands and to the other cities 
under his dominion, and to Libya, amounted to, more than 
four thousand. And concerning the numbers of his books, 
and the way in which he furnished his libraries, and the way 
in which he collected treasures for his Museum, why need I 
speak ? for every one remembers all these things. 
37. But since we have mentioned the subject of the build- 
ing of ships, let us speak (for it is worth hearing of) of the 
ships which were built also by Ptolemy Philopator, which are 
mentioned by the same Callixenus in the first book of his 
Account of Alexandria, where he speaks as follows:-" Philo- 
pator built a ship with forty ranks of rowers, being two hun- 
dred and eighty cubits long and thirty-eight cubits from one 
side to the other; and in height up to the gunwale it was 
forty-eight cubits; and from the highest part of the stern to 
the water-line was fifty-three cubits; and it had four rudders, 
[B. V. 

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