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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume I: Books I-VII

Book II: epitome,   pp. 57-121

Book III,   pp. 121-210

Page 121

-own knowledge, acquired in a voyage which he had made, 
that the sea outside the Pillars of Hercules flows towards 
Libya and turns up and proceeds towards the north; and that 
then, being driven back by the Etesian gales, it is raised to a 
height by the winds, and flows high at that time; but, when 
the Etesian gales cease, it recedes.: He says moreover, that 
that sea is sweet to the taste, and that it contains monsters 
like the crocodiles and the hippopotami in the Nile. 
But CEnopides the Chian says, that in winter the sources of 
the river are dried up, but in the summer they are thawed 
and flow; and so that for the sake of filling up the previous 
dryness, the rains frorn heaven cooperate with  * * * * 
-  *  * @  *  And on this account the river is smaller in 
winter and is full in summer. 
But Herodotus gives an explanation quite contrary to that 
of the rest of those who have discussed this subject, but 
agreeing with the explanation of CEnopides; for he says that 
the stream of the Nile is of such magnitude as always to fill 
the river; but that the sun, as it makes its journey through 
Libya in the winter, dries up the river at that time; but that 
as it has gone off towards the north at the time of the sum- 
mier solstice, then the river becomes full again, and overflows 
the plains. 
Now these are the mouths of the Nile:-towards Arabia, 
the Pelusiac mouth; towards Libya, the Canopic: and the 
rest are,-the Bolbitic, the Sebennytic, the Mendesian, the 
Saitic, and the Opuntic. 
1. CALLIMACHUS the grammarian said that a great book was 
equivalent to a great evil. 
With respect to Ciboria, or Egyptian beans, Nicander says 
in his Georgics- 
You may sow the Egyptian bean, in order in summer 
To make its flowers into garlands; and when the ciboria 
Have fallen, then give the ripe fruit to the youths 
Who are feasting with you, into their hands, as they have been a 
long time 
Wishing for them; but roots I boil, and then place on the table at 

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