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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume I: Books I-VII

Book II: epitome,   pp. 57-121

Page 65

,. 1 1. ]             PRAISES OF WINE.                     65 
though Aristarchus the grammarian put a mark against the 
line which represents the Greeks as getting insolent through 
much eating. For he said that it was not every sort of cheer- 
fulness and satiety which engendered boasting and jesting 
and ridiculous actions; but that these things proceeded only 
from such revelling as made men beside themselves, and in- 
olined them to falsehood,-from drunkenness, in fact. 
10. On which account Bacchylides says: 
Sweet force, from wine proceeding, 
Now warms my soul with love, 
And onl my spirit leading, 
With hopes my heart does move, 
It drives dull care away, 
And laughs at walls and towers; 
And bids us think and say, 
That all the world is ours. 
The man who drinks plenty of wine, 
Will never for wealth be wishing; 
For his cellar's a ceaseless mine, 
And an undisturb'd heart he is rich in. 
And Sophocles says- 
Drinking is a cure for woe. 
And other poets call wine- 
Fruit of the field, which makes the heart to leap. 
And the king of all poets introduces Ulysses saying- 
Let generous food supplies of strength produce, 
Let rising spirits flow from sprightly juice, 
Let their warm heads with scenes of battle glow,1 
and so on. 
11. It is in consequence of wine that both comedy and 
tragedy were discovered in Icarium, a village of Attica; and 
it was at the time of the grape harvest that these inventions 
were first introduced, from which comedy was at first called 
Euripides, in the Bacchle, says that Bacchus 
Gave men the wine which every grief dispels; 
Where wine is not, there Venus never dwells, 
Nor any other thing which men hold dear. 
And Astydamas says that Bacchus 
Gave men the vine which cures all mortal grief, 
Parent of genial wine. 
"For,"   says Antiphanes, "',a    man who continually fills
1 Iliad, xvii. 180. 
VOL. 1.-ATIL                F 

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