Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume I: Books I-VII
Book II: epitome, pp. 57-121
58- THE DEIPNOSOPHISTS. [EPIT. B. IL there sprang up:a vine loaded with grapes. On which account he called hia son Phytius. And he had a son named CAnens, who was so. called from the vines: for the, ancient Greeks," says he, " called vines olvat. Now (Eneus was the father of iEtolus." But Plato in his Cratylus, inquiring into the etymology of the. word oTvog, says, that it is, equivalent to otovovs, as filling the mind, vozs, with oo03t-s, or self-conceit. Perhaps, however, the word may be derived from o'vencris, succour. For Homer, giving as it were the derivation of the word, speaks nearly after this fashion- And then you will be succour'd (O'Vier6a) if you drink. And he too constantly calls food o6vdara, because it supports us. 2. Now the author of the Cyprian poems, whoever he was, says- No better remedies than wine there are, o king, to drive away soul-eating care. And Diphilus the comic poet says- O Bacchus, to all wise men dear, How very kind you do appear; You make the lowly-hearted proud, And bid the gloomy laugh aloud; You fill the feeble man with daring, And cowards strut and bray past bearing. And Philoxenus of Cythera says- Good store of wine which makes men talk. But Choeremon the tragedian says, that wine inspires those who use it with Laughter and wisdom and prudence and learning. And Ion of Chios calls wine Youth of indomitable might, With head of bull; the loveliest wight Who ever rank'd as Love's esquire, Filling men with strength and fire. And Mlensitheus says Great was the blessing, when the gods did show Sweet wine to those who how to use it know; But where bad- men its righteous use pervert, To such, I trow, it will be rather hurt. For to the first it nourishment supplies, Strengthens their bodies, and their minds makes wise; A wholesome physic 'tis when mix'd with potions, Heals wounds as well as plasters or cold lotions.
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