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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume I: Books I-VII

Book I: epitome,   pp. [unnumbered]-57


Page 53

DIFFERENT KINDS OF WINE. 
says he, they make a wine' which produces sleep, and another 
which causes those who drink it to keep awake. 
58. But concerning the manufacture of scented wine, Phanias 
of Eresus says, " There is infused into the wine one portion 
of sea-water to fifty of wine, and that becomes scented wine." 
And again he says, " Scented wine is made stronger of young 
than of old vines ;" and he subjoins, " Having trodden on the 
unripe grapes they put the wine away, and it becomes scented." 
But Theophrastus says, that " the wine at Thasos, which is 
given in the prytaneum, is wonderfully delicious; for it is 
well seasoned; for they knead up dough with honey, and put 
that into the earthen jars; so that the wine receives fra- 
grance from itself, and sweetness from the honey." And he 
proceeds to say, " If any one mixes harsh wine which has no 
smell with soft and fragrant wine, such,. for instance, as the 
Heraclean wine with that of Erythroe, softness is derived from 
the one, and wholesomeness from the other." And the Myr- 
tite or Myrrhine wine is spoken of by Posidippus 
A tasteless, dry, and foolish wine 
I consider the myrrhine. 
Hermes, too, is mentioned by Strattis as the name of a 
drink. And Chvereas says, that a wine is made in Babylon 
which is called nectar. 
The bard of Ceos says- 
'Tis not enough to mix your wine with taste, 
Unless sweet converse seasons the repast; 
And Bacchus' gifts well such regard deserve, 
That we should e'en the stones of grapes preserve. 
59. Now of wines some are white, some yellow, and some red. 
The white is the thinnest in its nature, diuretic, and warm; 
and being a promoter of digestion it causes a heat in the head; 
for it is a wine which has a tendency to move upwards. But 
of red wine that which is not sweet is very nutritious, and is 
astringent; but that which is sweet (as is the case with even 
white and yellow wine also) is the most nutritious of all 
for it softens all the ducts and passages, and thickens the 
fluid parts of the body, and does not at all confuse the head. 
For in reality the nature of sweet wine lingers about the ribs, 
and engenders spittle, as Diocles and Praxagoras assert. But 
Mnesitheus the Athenian says, " Red wine is the most nutri- 
tious; but white is the most diuretic and the thinnest; and the 
C. 5 9.] 


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