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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume I: Books I-VII

Book I: epitome,   pp. [unnumbered]-57

Page 32

sun said to set, and not to dive i" "why are sponges said to. 
suck up, and not to drink i" and " why do we say of a tetra- 
drachm that it KaTaXXJa'TEratc, when we never speak of its 
getting in a passion?" And the Athenians gave Pothimos 
the puppet-master the use of the very stage on which Euri- 
pides had exhibited his noble- dramas. And they also. erected 
a statue of Euripides in the theatre next to the statue of Es- 
chylus. Xenophon the conjuror, too, was very popular among 
them, who left behind him a pupil of the name of Cratis- 
thenes, a citizen of Phlias; a man who used to make fire 
spout up of its own accord, and who contrived many other 
extraordinary sights, so as almost to make men discredit the 
evidence of their own senses. And Nymphodorus the con- 
juror was another such; a- man who having quarrelled with 
the people of Rhegium, as Duris relates, was the first man 
who turned them into ridicule as cowards. And Eudicus the 
buffoon gained great credit by imitating wrestlers and boxers, 
as Aristoxenus relates. Straton of Tarentum, also, had many 
admirers; he was a mimic of the dithyrambic poets; and so 
had (Enonas the Italian, who mimicked the harp-players; 
and who gave representations of the Cyclops trying to sing, 
and of Ulysses when shipwrecked, speaking in a clownish 
fashion. And Diopeithes the Locrian, according to the ac- 
count of Phanodemus, when he came to Thebes, fastened round 
his waist bladders full of wine and milk, and then, squeezing 
them, pretended that he was drawing up those liquids out of 
his mouth. And Noemon gained a great reputation for the 
same sort of tricks. 
There were also in Alexander's court the following jugglers, 
who had all a great name. Scymnus of Tarentum, and Phi- 
listides of Syracuse, and Heraclitus of Mitylene. And there 
were too some strolling players of high repute, such as 
Cephisodorus and Pantaleon. And Xenophon makes mention 
also of Philip the buffoon. 
36. Rome may fairly be called the nation of the world. And 
he will not be far out who pronounces the city of the Romans 
an epitome of the whole earth; for in it you may see every 
other city arranged- collectively, and many also separately; 
for instance, there you may see the golden city of the Alex- 
1 This is a pun which cannot be rendered in English, JcaTaXAadOo-OuaL 
meaning to be changed, of money; and to be reconciled, of enemies. 
:['PIT. B. I. 

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