Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume III: Books XII-XV
Book XIII, pp. 888-978
" Against iEschines, the Pupil of Socrates, for Debt," (for I wvill recite the passage, even though it be a rather long onee, on account of your excessive arrogance, U philosophers,) begins in the following manner-," I never should have imagined, 0 judges, that IEschines would have dared to come into court on a trial which is so discreditable to him. For a more disgracefully false accusation than the one which he has brought forward, I do not believe it to be easy to find. For he, 0 judges, owing a sum of money with a covenanted interest of three drachmre to Sosinomus the banker and Aris- togiton, came to me, and besought me not to allow him to be wholly stripped of his own property, in consequence of this high interest. 'And I,' said he, am at this moment carrying on the trade of a perfumer; but I want capital to go on with, and I will pay you nine1 obols a month interest." A fine end to the happiness of this philosopher was the trade of a perfumer, and admirably harmonizing with the philo- sophy of Socrates, a man who utterly rejected the use of all perfumes and unguents ! And moreover, Solon the lawgiver expressly forbade a man to devote himself to any such busi- ness: on which account Pherecrates, in his Oven, or Woman sitting up all Night, says- Why should he practise a perfumer's trade, Sitting beneath a high umbrella there, Preparing for himself a seat on which To gossip with the youths the whole day long? And presently afterwards he says- And no one ever saw a female cook Or any fishwoman; for every class Should practise arts which are best suited to it. And after what I have already quoted, the orator proceeds to say-" And I was persuaded by this speech of his, considering also that this GEschines bad been the pupil of Socrates, and was a man who uttered fine sentiments about 1 This would have been 18 per cent. Three drachmae were about 436 per cent. The former appears to have been the usual rate of interest at Athens in the time of Lysias; for we find in Demosthenes that interest erl 5paXqIm7, that is to say, a drachma a month interest for each mina lent, was considered low. It was exceedingly common, how- ever, among the money-lenders, to exact an exorbitant rate of interest, going even as high as a drachma every four days.-See Smith's Diet. Ant. v. Interest, p. 524. 9716 [B. XIII. TEE DEIPNOSOPHISTS.
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