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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume III: Books XII-XV

Book XIII,   pp. 888-978


Page 975

FAULTS OF PHILOSOPHIERS. 
against the judges who were given him by lot, discoursing of 
justice to them when they were a pack of most corrupt men. 
And it is owing to this, too, that Theodorus the Atheist 
was put to death, and that Diagoras was banished; and this 
latter, sailing away when he was banished, was wrecked. 
But Theotimus, who wrote the books against Epicurus, was 
accused by Zeno the Epicurean, and put to death; as is 
related by Demetrius the Magnesian, in his treatise on People; 
and Things which go by the same Name. 
93. And, in short, according to Clearchus the Solensian, 
you do not adopt a manly system of life, but you do really 
aim at a system which might become a dog; but although. 
this animal has four excellent qualities, you select none but 
the worst of his qualities for your imitation. For a dog is a 
wonderful animal as to his power of smelling and of dis- 
tinguishing what belongs to his own family and what does 
not; and the way in which he associates with man, and the. 
manner in which he watches over and protects the houses of 
all those who are kind to him, is extraordinary. But you 
who imitate the dogs, do neither of these things. For you 
do not associate with men, nor do you distinguish between 
those with whom you are acquainted; and being very defi- 
cient in sensibility, you live in an indolent and indifferent 
manner. But while the dog is also a snarling and greedy 
animal, and also hard in his way of living, and naked; these 
habits of his you practise, being abusive and gluttonous, and, 
besides all this, living without a home or a hearth. The 
result of all which circumstances is, that you are destitute of 
virtue, and quite unserviceable for any useful purpose in life. 
For there is nothing less philosophical than those persons 
who are called philosophers. For whoever supposed that 
Al3schines, the pupil of Socrates, would have been such a man 
in his manners as Lysias the orator, in his speeches on the 
Contracts, represents him to have been; when, out of -the 
dialogues which are extant, and generally represented to .be 
his work, we are inclined to admire him as an equitable and 
moderate man? unless, indeed, those writings are in reality 
the work of the wise Socrates, and were given to i Eschines 
by Xanthippe, the wife of Socrates, after his death, which 
Idomeneus asserts to be the case. 
94. But Lysias, in the oration which bears this title- 
975 


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