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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume III: Books XII-XV

Book XIII,   pp. 888-978


Page 974

give a list of the companions of Ulysses, and say who they 
were who were devoured by the Cyclops, or by the Lestry- 
gonians, and whether they were really devoured or not. 
And you do not even know this, in spite of your frequent 
mention of Phylarchus, that in the cities of the Ceans it is not 
possible to see either courtesans or female flute-players. And 
Myrtilus said,-But where has Phylarchus stated this? For I 
have read through all his history. And when he said,-In 
the twenty-third book; Myrtilus said- 
92. Do I not then deservedly detest all you philosophers, 
since you are all haters of philology,-men whom not only 
did Lysimachus the king banish from his own dominions, as 
Carystius tells us in his Historic Reminiscenses, but the 
Athenians did so too. At all events, Alexis, in his Horse, 
says- 
Is this the Academy; is this Xenocrates I 
IVMay the gods greatly bless Demetrius 
And all the lawgivers; for, as men say, 
They've driven out of Attica with disgrace 
All those who do profess to teach the youth 
Learning and science. 
And a certain man named Sophocles, passed a decree to banish 
all the philosophers from Attica. And Philo, the friend of 
Aristotle, wrote an oration against him; and Demochares, on 
the other hand, who was the cousin of Demosthenes, com- 
posed a defence for Sophocles. And the Romans, who are in 
every respect the best of men, banished all the sophists 
from Rome, on the ground of their corrupting the youth of 
the city, though, at a subsequent time, somehow or other, 
they admitted them.   And Anaxippus the comic poet de- 
dares your folly in his Man struck by Lightning, speaking 
thus- 
Alas, you 're a philosopher; but I 
IDo think philosophers are only wise 
In quibbling about words; in deeds they are, 
As far as I can see, completely foolish. 
It is, therefore, with good reason that many cities, and 
especially the city of the Lacedemonians, as Chamoeleon 
says in his book on Simonides, will not admit either rhetoric 
or philosophy, on account of the jealousy, and strife, and 
profitless discussions to which they give rise; owing to which 
it was that Socrates was put to death; he, who argued 
97 4 
THE DE.IPNOSOPHISTS. 


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