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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume III: Books XII-XV

Book XIII,   pp. 888-978

Page 950

Bacchis, the female flute-player. And Bacchis herself had 
been the slave of Sinope the Thracian, who brought her esta- 
blishment of harlots from .Egina to Athens; so that she was 
not only trebly a slave, but also trebly a harlot. He, how- 
ever, erected two monuments to her at an expense exceeding 
two hundred talents. And every one marvelled that no one 
of all those who died in Cilicia, in defence of your dominions 
and of the freedom of the Greeks, had had any tomb adorned 
for them either by him or by any other of the governors of' 
the state; but that a tomb should be erected to Pythionica 
the courtesan, both in Athens and in Babylon; and they have 
now stood a long time. For a man who ventured to call 
himself a friend to you, has dared to consecrate a temple and 
a spot of ground to a woman whom everybody knew to have 
been common to every one who chose at the same fixed price, 
and to call both the temple and the altar those of Pythionidat 
Venus; and in so doing, he despised also the vengeance of the 
Gods, and endeavoured to insult the honours to which you 
are entitled." Philemon also mentions these circumstances, 
in his comedy called the Babylonian, where he says- 
You shall be queen of Babylon if the Fates 
Will but permit it. Sure you recollect 
Pythionica and proud Harpalus. 
Alexis also mentions her in his Lyciscus. 
68. But after the death of Pythionica, Harpalus sent for 
Glycera, and she also was a courtesan, as Theopompus relates, 
when he says that Harpalus issued an edict that no one 
should present him with a crown, without at the same time 
paying a similar compliment to his prostitute; and adds,- 
"He has also erected a brazen statue to Glycera in Rhossus 
of Syria, where he intends to erect one of you, and another of 
himself. And he has permitted her to dwell in the palace 
in Tarsus, and he permits her to receive adoration from the 
people, and to bear the title of Queen, and to be complimented 
with other presents, which are only fit for your own motherz 
and your own wife." And we have a testimony coinciding with 
this from the author of the Satyric drama called Agen, which 
was exhibited, on the occasion when the Dionysian festival 
was celebrated on the banks of the river Hydaspes, by the 
author, whether he was Pythen of Catana or Byzantium, or 
the king himself. And it was exhibited when Harpalus was 
[B. XIIL. 

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