University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
Link to University of Wisconsin Digital Collections
The Literature Collection

Page View

Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume I: Books I-VII

Book IV,   pp. 210-287

Page 286

286               THE DEIPNOSOPHISTS.            .[LB. IV. 
andrians Cacergetes; for he having murdered many of the 
Alexandrians, and banished no small number of those who had 
grown up to manhood with his brother, filled all the islands 
and cities with men learned in grammar, and philosophy, and 
geometry, with -musicians, and painters, and schoolmasters, 
and physicians, and men of all kinds of trades and professions; 
who, being driven by poverty to teach what they knew, pro- 
duced a great number of celebrated pupils. 
84. But music was a favourite amusement of all the Greeks 
of old time; on which account: also skill in playing the flute 
was much aimed at. Accordingly, Chamoeleon of Heraclia, in 
his book entitled Protrepticus, says that the Lacedemonians 
and Thebans all learned to play on the: flute, and the inhabit- 
ants of lleraclea in Pontus devoted themselves to the same 
study down to his own time. And that so did the most illus- 
trious Qf the. Athenians, Callias the son of Hipponicus, and 
'Critias the son, of Calleschrus.  But' Duris, in his treatise on 
Euripides and Sophocles, says that Alcibiades learnt music, 
-not of any ordinary master, but of Pronomus, who had the 
very highest reputation in that line. And Aristoxenus says 
that Epaminondas the Theban learnt to play the flute of 
.Olympiodorus and Orthagoras. And likewise, many of the 
Pyt.hagoreans -practised the art of flute-playing, as Euphranor, 
and Archytas, and Philolaus, and many others.   But Eu- 
phranor has also left behind an essay on Flutes, and so too 
has Archytas.  And Aristophanes shows us, in his Daitaleis, 
the great eagerness-with which men applied themselves to this 
study, when hei says- 
I who am wasted quite away 
In the study of flutes and harps, 
Am I now to besent to dig,? 
.An(IPhrynichus, in his, Ephialtes, says- 
But were not you the man who taught him once 
To play upon the flute and well-strung harp-2 
And Epicharmus, in his Muses, says that Minerva -played a 
'martial strain to the DioscUri. And Ion, in his Phcenician, or 
(jeeneus, calls the flute a cock, speaking thus': 
.The cock then sang the Greeks a Lydian hymn. 
And also, in his Garrison, he calls the pipe the Ideean cock, 
rising the following expression: 
The pipe, th' Idaean cock, precedes your steps. 

Go up to Top of Page