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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume I: Books I-VII

Book I: epitome,   pp. [unnumbered]-57


Page 55

and indeed with every wine which has plenty of salt-water in 
it. And accordingly these wines are of the greatest use at 
Athens and Sicyon, because the waters in those cities are 
harsh. But for those wines which have no sea-water, and 
which are of a more astringent nature, especially for the Chian 
and Lesbian wine, the purest water is the most suitable. 
Oh thou my tongue, whom silence long hath bound, 
How wilt thou bear this tale of thine t' unfold l 
Hard is their fate to whom compulsion stern 
Leaves no alternative; which now compels thee 
To open what thy ford would fain conceal. 
These are the words of Sopholes. 
60. The Mareotic wine, which comes from Alexandria, had 
its name from a fountain in the district of Alexandria called 
Marea; and from a town of the same name which was close 
to it; which was formerly a place of great importance, but is 
now reduced to a petty village. And the fountain and town 
derived their name from Maro, who was one of the companions 
of Bacchus in his expedition. And there are many vines in 
that country, which produce grapes very good to eat when raw, 
and the wine which is made from them is excellent. For it is 
white, and sweet, and good for the breath, and digestible, and, 
then, it never produces any ill effect on the head, and is diuretic. 
And still better than this is the wine called Teeniotic. The 
word latVt'a means a riband; and there is in that district a long 
narrow riband of land, the wines produced from which are of 
a slightly green colour, with something oily in them, which is 
quickly dissolved when it is mixed with water; just as the 
Attic honey is dissolved by the same process. This Toeni- 
otic wine, in addition to being sweet, has something aromatic 
in it, of a slightly astringent character. But there are vines 
nlear the Nile in great quantities as far as the river extends; 
and there are many peculiarities in those vines, both as to their 
colour and as to their use. However, the best of all the wines 
made in that district is that made near the city of Antylla 
(which is not far from Alexandria), the revenues from which 
the kings of those ages, both the Egyptian and Persian kings, 
used to give to their wives for pin-money. But the wine which' 
is made in the Thebais, especially-that near the city Coptos, 
is light, and easy of digestion, and also so great an assistant in 
I'. 60.] 
DIFFERENT XINDS OF WiNE. 
55 


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