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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume I: Books I-VII

Book I: epitome,   pp. [unnumbered]-57


Page 54

54                THE DEIPNOSOPHISTS.        [EPIT. B. I. 
yellow is' a dry wine, and that which most assists in the diges- 
tion of the food." 
Now the wines which have been very carefully prepared 
with sea-water never cause headaches; and they open the 
bowels, and sometimes gripe the stomach, and produce flatu-. 
lency, and assist in the digestion of food.  Of this character 
is the Myndian wine, and that of Halicarnassus.' And so 
Menippus the Cynic calls Myndus " brine-drinking."  The 
Coan wine too has a good deal of sea-water in it. The Rho- 
dian has not so much sea-water; but a great deal of that 
wine is good for nothing. Wine made in the islands is very 
good to drink, and not at all ill-calculated for daily use. But 
Cnidian wine makes blood, is nutritious, and keeps the bowels 
in a healthy state; though if it is drunk in great quantities it 
relaxes the stomach. The Lesbian wine is less astringent, and 
more diuretic. But the Chian is a nicer wine; and of all the 
Chian wine, that called the Aryusian is the best. And of this 
there are three varieties: for there is a dry kind, and a 
sweet kind; and that the flavour of which is between the two 
is called autocratic, that is, self-mixed. Now the dry kind is 
pleasant to the taste, nutritious, and more, diuretic than the 
others; -but the sweet kind is nutritious, filling, and apt to 
soften the bowels. The autocratic wine in its effects also is 
something between the two. But, generally speaking, the Chian 
wine is digestible, nutritious, a producer of good blood, mild, 
and filling, inasmuch as it has a great deal of body. But the 
nicest of all wines are the Alban and Falernian wines of Italy; 
but these, if they have been kept a length of time and are old, 
acquire a medicinal effect, and rapidly produce a sensation of 
heaviness. But the wine called Adrian relieves any oppression 
of the breath, is very digestible, and wholly free from all 
unpleasant consequences; but these wines require to be made 
with rapidity, and then to be set in an open place, so as to 
allow the thicker portions of their body to evaporate. But 
the best wine to, keep -a length of time is the Corcyrean. 
The Zacynthian and Leucadian.i wines also are apt to, be bad, 
for the head, because they contain chalk. There is a wine from 
Cilicia, called Abates, which has, no effect except that of relax- 
ing the bowels. But hard water, such as that from springs, 
or from rain if it is filtered, and' has stood some time, agrees 
very well with Coan and Myndian and Halicarnassian wine, 


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