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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume III: Books XII-XV

Book XIV,   pp. 978-1062


Page 1044

woodcock. But Philemon, in his treatise on Attic Names, 
says that "the most excellent dried figs are those called 
Jzgilides; and that .ZEgila is the name of a borough in 
Attica, which derives its name from a hero called ifEgilus; 
but that the dried figs of a reddish black colour are called 
Chelidolnians." Theopompus also, in the Peace, praising the 
Ti-thrasian figs, speaks thus- 
Barley cakes, cheesecakes, and Tithrasian figs. 
But dried figs were so very much sought after by all men, 
(for really, as Aristophanes says- 
There's really nothing nicer than dried figs;) 
that even Amitrochates, the king of the Indians, wrote to 
Antiochus, entreating him (it is Hegesander who tells this 
story) to buy and send him some sweet wine, and some dried 
figs, and a sophist; and that Antiochus wrote to him in answer, 
"The dried figs and the sweet wine we will send you; but it is 
not lawful for a sophist to be sold in Greece. The Greeks 
were also in the habit of eating dried figs roasted, as Pherecrates 
proves by what he says in the Corianno, where we find- 
But pick me out some of those roasted figs. 
And a few lines later he says- 
Will you not bring me here some black dried figs ? 
Dost understand ? Among the Mariandyni, 
That barbarous tribe, they call these black dried figs 
Their dishes. 
I am aware, too, that Pamphilus has mentioned a kind of 
dried figs, which he calls O7rpoxv(Eg. 
68. That the word ,/3OTpV is common for a bunch of grapes 
is known to every one; and Crates, in the second book of his 
Attic Dialect, uses the word o-ro0vAy, although it appears 
to be a word of Asiatic origin; saying that in some of the 
ancient hymns the word O-Ta-VX7. is used for 36'rpvg, as in the 
follow-ing line 
Thick hanging with the dusky grapes (-rapuAx7o) themselves. 
And that the word araO-vX-iy is used by Homer is known to 
every one. But Plato, in the eighth book of his Laws, uses 
both 80OTpVS and -TafvXv, where he says-" Whoever tastes 
wild fruit, whether it be grapes (/oTpV'wv) or figs, before the 
time of the vintage arrives, which falls at the time of the 
rising of Arcturus, whether it be on his own farm, or on any 
one else's land, shall be fined fifty sacred drachmas to be paid 
to Bacchus, if he plucked them off his own land; but a mine 
[B. XIV. 
141 
THE DEIPNOSOPHISTS. 


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