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Athenaeus of Naucratis / Volume I: Books I-VII

Book VII,   pp. 433-521 ff.

Page 433

2THE PHAGESIA.     43 
1. AND when the Banquet was now finished, the cynics, 
thinking that the festival of the Phagesia was being cele- 
brated, were delighted above all things, and Cynulcus said, 
-While we are supping, 0 Ulpian, since it is on words that 
you are feasting us, I propose to you this question,-In what 
author do you find any mention of the festivals called Pha- 
gesia, and Phagesiposia l  And he, hesitating, and bidding 
the slaves desist from carrying the dishes round, though it 
was now evening, said,-I do not recollect,.Iyou very wise 
man, so that you may tell us yourself, in order that you may 
sup more abundantly and more pleasantly. And he rejoined, 
If you will promise to thank me when I have told you, I 
will tell you. And as he agreed to thank him, he continued; 
-Clearchus, the pupil of Aristotle, but a Solensian by birth, 
in the first book of his treatise on Pictures, (for I recollect. 
his very expressions, because I took a great fancy to them,) 
speaks as follows:-" Phagesia-but some call the, festival 
Phagesiposia-but this festival has ceased, as also has that of 
the Rhapsodists, which they celebrated about the time of the 
Dionysiac festival, in which every one as they passed by sang 
a hymn to the god by way of doing him honour."  This is 
what Clearchus wrote. And if you doubt it, my friend, 1, 
who have got the book, will not mind lending it to you. And 
you may learn a good deal from it, and get a great, many 
questions to ask us out of it. For he relates that Callias the 
Athenian composed a Grammatical Tragedy, from which 
Euripides in his Medea, and Sophocles in his CEdipus, derived 
their choruses and the arrangement of their plot. 
2. And when all the guests marvelled at the literary 
accomplishments of Cynulcus, Plutarch said,-In like manner 
there used to be celebrated in my own Alexandria a Flagon- 
bearing festival, which is mentioned by Eratosthenes in 
his treatise entitled Arsinoe. And he speaks as follows: 
"When Ptolemy was instituting a festival and all kinds of 
VOL. L.-ATH.           r F 
C. 2.] 

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